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Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie

International journal of research in physical chemistry and chemical physics

Editor-in-Chief: Rademann, Klaus


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2196-7156
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Volume 221, Issue 11-12

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High Resolution FTIR and Diode Laser Supersonic Jet Spectroscopy of the N = 2 HF Stretching Polyad in (HF)2 and (HFDF): Hydrogen Bond Switching and Predissociation Dynamics

Yabai He / Holger B. Müller / Martin Quack / Martin A. Suhm
Published Online: 2009-09-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.2007.221.11-12.1581

We report Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and high resolution diode laser spectra (∼ 1MHz instrumental bandwidth) obtained in cooled absorption cells as well as in a supersonic jet expansion for the N = 2 polyad region of the HF-stretching vibrations of (HF)2, HFDF and DFHF. Three vibrational transitions have been observed for (HF)2 and two for both monodeuterated isotopomers. For (HF)2 we have identified and analysed the observed transitions of the polyad member 22 of the type Δ Ka = 0 and Δ Ka = ± 1 up to rotational sublevel Δ Ka = 3. Band centers as well as rotational constants of all four Ka states have been determined. The tunneling splittings due to hydrogen bond switching for these four Ka states have been investigated, with the Δ Ka = 0 up to Δ Ka = 2 sublevels having tunneling symmetry Γvt = A+ for the lower tunneling states, and switching periods ranging from 158ps for Ka = 0 to 1.35ns for Ka = 2. A tunneling level inversion is found at Δ Ka = 3, leading to a symmetry Γvt = B+ for the lower tunneling state of this Ka-sublevel. The vibrational assignment of the measured spectra of (HF)2 was established by comparison with the monodeuterated isotopomers HFDF and DFHF. For HFDF we have identified and analysed five subbands between 7600cm-1 and 7730cm-1. We have determined the spectroscopic constants of the rotational levels Δ Ka = 0 and Δ Ka = 1 for the vibrationally excited state and of the levels of Δ Ka = 1 and Δ Ka = 2 of the ground state, the latter from combination differences. From the measurements in a supersonic jet expansion we determined the predissociation line width of the N = 22, Ka = 1 to be about 120MHz for the Γvt = A+ tunneling state of (HF)2 and about 90MHz for Γvt = B+. For the Δ Ka = 0 level of N = 22 we obtained predissociation line widths ranging around 100MHz, similar to those of the Δ Ka = 1 level. In the case of HFDF, the predissociation line width of Δ Ka = 1 is about 80MHz. Predissociation lifetimes for these levels with the unbonded HF stretching excited thus are in the range of about 1 to 2ns. The predissociation width in the N = 21 level is uncertain by about a factor three with lg(Δν/MHz) = (3 ± 0.5) and in N = 23 it is about 600MHz corresponding to rounded lifetimes of 0.1ns and 0.3ns when the bonded HF stretching is excited thereby demonstrating strongly mode selective predissociation rates in the N = 2 polyad. Under thermal equilibrium conditions we derived the pressure broadening coefficient for (HF)2 (γ = (6 ± 1) × 10-4cm-1/mbar in the wavenumber range between 7713cm-1 and 7721cm-1 for total gas pressures between 10 and 60mbar, all values as full widths half maximum). For absolute frequency calibrations we have remeasured the first overtone transitions of the monomer HF with much improved precision between P(5) (7515.80151cm-1) and R(7) (7966.22188cm-1).

Keywords: Hydrogen Fluoride Dimer; Infrared Spectroscopy; Hydrogen Bonding; Tunneling; Isotopes

About the article

Received: 2007-08-14

Accepted: 2007-08-20

Published Online: 2009-09-25

Published in Print: 2007-12-01


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Volume 221, Issue 11-12, Pages 1581–1645, ISSN (Online) 2196-7156, ISSN (Print) 0942-9352, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.2007.221.11-12.1581.

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