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Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie

International journal of research in physical chemistry and chemical physics

Editor-in-Chief: Rademann, Klaus


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.144
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.144

CiteScore 2017: 1.08

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.495
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.495

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2196-7156
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Volume 224, Issue 10-12

Issues

Salt-in-Polymer Electrolytes for Lithium Ion Batteries Based on Organo-Functionalized Polyphosphazenes and Polysiloxanes

Marina Burjanadze
  • 1 Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Münster
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/ Yunus Karatas
  • 2 Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Münster
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/ Nitin Kaskhedikar
  • 3 Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Münster
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/ Lutz M. Kogel
  • 4 Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Münster
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/ Sebastian Kloss
  • 5 Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Münster
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/ Ann-Christin Gentschev
  • 6 Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Münster
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/ Martin M. Hiller
  • 7 Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Münster
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/ Romek A. Müller
  • 8 Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Münster
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/ Raphael Stolina
  • 9 Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Münster
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/ Preeya Vettikuzha / Hans-Dieter Wiemhöfer
Published Online: 2010-11-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.2010.0046

Abstract

An overview is given on polymer electrolytes based on organo-functionalized polyphosphazenes and polysiloxanes. Chemical and electrochemical properties are discussed with respect to the synthesis, the choice of side groups and the goal of obtaining membranes and thin films that combine high ionic conductivity and mechanical stability. Electrochemical stability, concentration polarization and the role of transference numbers are discussed with respect to possible applications in lithium batteries. It is shown that the ionic conductivities of salt-in-polymer membranes without additives and plasticizers are limited to maximum conductivities around 10-4S/cm. Nevertheless, a straightforward strategy based on additives can increase the conductivities to at least 10-3S/cm and maybe further. In this context, the future role of polymers for safe, alternative electrolytes in lithium batteries will benefit from concepts based on polymeric gels, composites and hybrid materials. Presently developed polymer electrolytes with oligoether sidechains are electrochemically stable in the potential range 0–4.5V (vs. Li/Li+ reference).

Keywords: Polymer Electrolyte; Polyphosphazene; Polysiloxane; Ionic conductivity; Electrochemistry

About the article

* Correspondence address: Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Corrensstr. 28-30, 48149 Münster, Deutschland,


Published Online: 2010-11-17

Published in Print: 2010-11-01


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Volume 224, Issue 10-12, Pages 1439–1473, ISSN (Online) 2196-7156, ISSN (Print) 0942-9352, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.2010.0046.

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