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Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie

International journal of research in physical chemistry and chemical physics

Editor-in-Chief: Rademann, Klaus


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5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.144

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2196-7156
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Volume 224, Issue 7-8

Issues

Photolysis of Trichloronitromethane (Chloropicrin) under Atmospheric Conditions

Teresa Vera / Amalia Munoz / Milagros Ródenas / Mónica Vázquez / Abdelwahid Mellouki / Jack Treacy / Ismael Al Mulla / Howard Sidebottom
Published Online: 2010-08-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.2010.6140

Abstract

An experimental investigation on the photolysis of the pesticide chloropicrin, (trichloronitromethane, CCl3NO2), under atmospheric conditions was carried out at the outdoor European Photoreactor, (EUPHORE), in Valencia, Spain. The photodissociation rate coefficient, Jobs(CCl3NO2), was determined directly under sunlight conditions during spring and summer months. Values in the range Jobs(CCl3NO2) = (3.9–5.1)×10−5 s−1 were obtained, corresponding to photolysis lifetimes of 7.1–5.4 hours. Absorption cross-sections for chloropicrin were determined over the wavelength range 260–370 nm, and together with the measured solar flux intensity, were used to calculate the maximum photolysis rate for chloropicrin, Jmax. Comparison of the observed photolysis rate with the calculated maximum photolysis rate showed that the effective quantum yield of photodissociation, Φ = Jobs(CCl3NO2)/Jmax, was 0.94±0.08. Photolysis of chloropicrin in air or nitrogen gave phosgene as the major carbon-containing product with a yield close to unity based on the loss of chloropicrin. The product yield data were shown to be consistent with a mechanism in which the photolysis channel produces a CCl3 radical and NO2. Kinetic studies on the reactions of hydroxyl radicals and ozone with chloropicrin suggest that, as expected, loss of CCl3NO2 by reaction with these species will be negligible under atmospheric conditions compared to photolysis. Photolysis of chloropicrin in air in the presence of isopropanol gave significant yields of ozone and is consistent with the generation of Cl atoms and NOx following the photodissociation of CCl3NO2. The atmospheric implications of the use of chloropicrin as a pesticide are discussed.

Keywords: Photolysis; Trichloronitromethane; Chloropicrin

About the article

* Correspondence address: ICARE/CNRS, Orléans, Frankreich,


Published Online: 2010-08-03

Published in Print: 2010-08-01


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Volume 224, Issue 7-8, Pages 1039–1057, ISSN (Online) 2196-7156, ISSN (Print) 0942-9352, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.2010.6140.

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