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Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie

International journal of research in physical chemistry and chemical physics

Ed. by Rademann, Klaus

12 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.012

CiteScore 2016: 0.99

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.463
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.470

Online
ISSN
2196-7156
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Volume 224, Issue 7-8 (Aug 2010)

Issues

Heterogeneous Chemistry of Cl2O and HOCl on Frozen Natural Sea Salt, Recrystallized Sea Salt, KCl and NaCl Solutions at 200 and 215 K

Pascal Pratte
  • 1 Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Laboratoire de Pollution Atmosphérique et sol (LPA, Lausanne, Schweiz
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Michel J. Rossi
Published Online: 2010-08-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.2010.6144

Abstract

The HOCl heterogeneous reaction on frozen natural (NSS) and recrystallized (RSS) sea salt, KCl and NaCl solutions was studied using a low pressure flow reactor in order to measure the uptake coefficient γ and products of reaction. The HOCl sample used in these experiments always contained up to 25% Cl2O which was also studied separately as a pure gas in order to understand the heterogeneous chemistry of both gases. By performing HOCl uptake on frozen NSS solution at 200 K and a gas-phase residence time of (1.6±0.6) s we obtained a steady state uptake coefficient γHOCl on NSS = (2.5±0.7)×10-3 and γCl2O on NSS = (2.8±0.8)×10-3. On frozen KCl solution at 200 K we obtain γHOCl on KCl = (2.8±1.3)×10-3, identical to NSS, and γCl2O on KCl = (4.6±0.8)×10-4. The main product formed during the uptake on frozen NSS solution is Cl2 which is sustained for at least one hour. In contrast, only a transient Cl2 flow (pulse) decreasing on the time scale of 100 s was observed on frozen KCl (NaCl) solution. 25±10 % of the HOCl taken up on all chloride-containing frozen substrates at 200 K react to produce Cl2 at high HOCl concentration (4.5×1011 molecule cm-3) and at a residence time of 1.6 s in comparison with twice that for Cl2O. For smaller concentrations such as [HOCl] = 3.7×1010 molecule cm-3 and/or a shorter residence time (0.137±0.004s), HOCl uptake did not generate Cl2 in contrast to Cl2O. A single Br2 burst event was monitored when a Cl2O or HOCl/Cl2O mixture is taken up on fresh frozen NSS solution during the first uptake at 200 K. Further Cl2O or HOCl/Cl2O uptake on the same sample, even after annealing at 240 K does not show an additional Br2 pulse. This Br2 release may be significant in the autocatalytic ozone destruction mechanism in the troposphere during polar sunrise. Some of the atmospheric implications of the present results are highlighted with emphasis on the preequilibrium Cl2O(ads) + H2O(ice) ↔ 2 HOCl(ads) between adsorbed HOCl and Cl2O, with the latter being the gateway to reactive uptake of HOCl at low temperatures.

Keywords: Heterogeneous Chemistry; Sea Salt; Cl2O; HOCl

About the article

* Correspondence address: Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), Laboratorium für Atmosphärenchemie (LAC), OFLA008, 5232 Villingen, Schweiz,


Published Online: 2010-08-03

Published in Print: 2010-08-01


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, ISSN (Online) 2196-7156, ISSN (Print) 0942-9352, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.2010.6144.

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© by Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, Villingen, Germany. Copyright Clearance Center

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