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Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie

International journal of research in physical chemistry and chemical physics

Editor-in-Chief: Rademann, Klaus

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Volume 227, Issue 9-11


Models for Intrinsic Non-RRKM Dynamics. Decomposition of the SN2 Intermediate Cl–CH3Br

Manikandan Paranjothy / Rui Sun / Amit Kumar Paul / William L. Hase
Published Online: 2013-08-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.2013.0414


Chemical dynamics simulations, based on both an analytic potential energy surface (PES) and direct dynamics, were used to investigate the intrinsic non-RRKM dynamics of the Cl–CH3Br ion-dipole complex, an important intermediate in the Cl + CH3Br SN2 nucleophilic substitution reaction. This intermediate may dissociate to Cl + CH3Br or isomerize to the ClCH3–Br ion-dipole complex. The decomposition of microcanonical ensembles of the Cl–CH3Br intermediate were simulated, and the ensuing populations vs. time of the excited intermediate and Cl + CH3Br and ClCH3–Br products were fit with multi-exponential functions. The intrinsic non-RRKM dynamics is more pronounced for the simulations with the analytic PES than by direct dynamics, with the populations for the former and latter primarily represented by tri- and bi-exponential functions, respectively. For the analytic PES and direct dynamics simulations, the intrinsic non-RRKM dynamics is more important for the isomerization pathway to form ClCH3–Br than for dissociation to Cl + CH3Br. Since the decomposition probability of Cl–CH3Br is non-exponential, the Cl–CH3Br unimolecular rate constant depends on pressure, with both high and low pressure limits. The high pressure limit is the RRKM rate constant and for the simulations with the analytic PES the rate constant decreased by a factor of 3.0, 5.6, and 4.3 in going from the high to low pressure limit for total energies of 40, 60, and 80 kcal/mol. For the direct dynamics simulations these respective factors are 2.4, 1.4, and 1.2. A separable phase space model with intermolecular and intramolecular complexes describes some of the simulation results, but overall models advanced for intrinsic non-RRKM dynamics give incomplete representations of the intermediate and product populations vs. time determined from the simulations.

Keywords: SN2; Non-RRKM Dynamics; Unimolecular Decomposition; Direct Dynamics

About the article

Received: 2013-03-12

Published Online: 2013-08-05

Published in Print: 2013-11-01

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Volume 227, Issue 9-11, Pages 1361–1379, ISSN (Online) 2196-7156, ISSN (Print) 0942-9352, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.2013.0414.

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© 2013 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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