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Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie

International journal of research in physical chemistry and chemical physics

Editor-in-Chief: Rademann, Klaus

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Volume 232, Issue 7-8


A Combined Solid-State NMR, Dielectric Spectroscopy and Calorimetric Study of Water in Lowly Hydrated MCM-41 Samples

Martin Brodrecht
  • Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Edda Klotz / Christina Lederle / Hergen Breitzke
  • Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Bernd Stühn / Michael Vogel / Gerd Buntkowsky
  • Corresponding author
  • Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-12-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zpch-2017-1030


The processes of drying mesoporous silica materials and their refilling with water have been examined by magic-angle spinning (MAS) solid-state NMR, broadband dielectric spectroscopy (BDS), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It is shown that different drying protocols strongly influence the amount and types of hydroxy-species inside the pores. It is found that a very good vacuum (≈10−6 bar) is necessary to remove all H2O molecules from the silica matrices in order to accurately refill them with very low amounts of water such as e.g. a mono- or submonolayer coverage of the surface. Time-dependent 1H-NMR-spectra recorded after loading the samples indicate a very specific course of water first existing in a bulk-like form inside the pores and then distributing itself through the pores by hydrogen bonding to surface silanol groups. After assuring accurate sample loading, we were able to investigate lowly hydrated samples of water confined in MCM-41 via DCS and BDS at temperatures below the freezing point of free bulk-water (0°C) and find two non-crystallizing water species with Arrhenius behavior and activation energies of 0.53 eV (51.1 kJ/mol).

Keywords: broadband dielectric spectroscopy; confinement; solid-state NMR; water; wetting


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About the article

aMartin Brodrecht and Edda Klotz: These authors contributed equally to this work.

Received: 2017-09-08

Accepted: 2017-11-09

Published Online: 2017-12-08

Published in Print: 2018-07-26

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Volume 232, Issue 7-8, Pages 1003–1015, ISSN (Online) 2196-7156, ISSN (Print) 0942-9352, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zpch-2017-1030.

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