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Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie

International journal of research in physical chemistry and chemical physics

Editor-in-Chief: Rademann, Klaus


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.975
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.021

CiteScore 2018: 1.20

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.327
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.391

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2196-7156
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Volume 232, Issue 7-8

Issues

2H NMR Studies on Water Dynamics in Functionalized Mesoporous Silica

Max Weigler
  • Institut für Festkörperphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 6, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany
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/ Martin Brodrecht
  • Eduard-Zintl-Institut für Anorganische unf Physikalische Chemie, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Alarich-Weiss-Str. 8, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
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/ Hergen Breitzke
  • Eduard-Zintl-Institut für Anorganische unf Physikalische Chemie, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Alarich-Weiss-Str. 8, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
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/ Felix Dietrich
  • Institut für Festkörperphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 6, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany
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/ Matthias Sattig
  • Institut für Festkörperphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 6, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany
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/ Gerd Buntkowsky
  • Corresponding author
  • Eduard-Zintl-Institut für Anorganische unf Physikalische Chemie, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Alarich-Weiss-Str. 8, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
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/ Michael Vogel
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  • Institut für Festkörperphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 6, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany
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Published Online: 2018-01-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zpch-2017-1034

Abstract

Mesoporous silica MCM-41 is prepared, for which the inner surfaces are modified by 3-(aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) in a controlled manner. Nitrogen gas adsorpition yields a pore diameter of 2.2 nm for the APTES functionalized MCM-41. 2H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and broadband dielectric spectroscopy (BDS) provide detailed and consistent insights into the temperature-dependent reorientation dynamics of water in this confinement. We find that a liquid water species becomes accompanied by a solid water species when cooling through ~210 K, as indicated by an onset of bimodal 2H spin-lattice relaxation. The reorientation of the liquid water species is governed by pronounced dynamical heterogeneity in the whole temperature range. Its temperature dependence shows a mild dynamic crossover when the solid water species emerges and, hence, the volume accessible to the liquid water species further shrinks. Therefore, we attribute this variation in the temperature dependence to a change from bulk-like behavior towards interface-dominated dynamics. Below this dynamic crossover, 2H line-shape and stimulted-echo studies show that water reorientation becomes anisotropic upon cooling, suggesting that these NMR approaches, but also BDS measurements do no longer probe the structural (α) relaxation, but rather a secondary (β) relaxation of water at sufficiently low temperatures. Then, another dynamic crossover at ~180 K can be rationalized in terms of a change of the temperature dependence of the β relaxation in response to a glassy freezing of the α relaxation of confined water. Comparing these results for APTES modied MCM-41 with previous findings for mesoporous silica with various pore diameters, we obtain valuable information about the dependence of water dynamics in restricted geometries on the size of the nanoscopic confinements and the properties of the inner surfaces.

Keywords: confined water; 2H NMR; mesoporous silica

References

About the article

aMax Weigler and Martin Brodrecht: These authors contributed equally to this work.


Received: 2017-09-14

Accepted: 2017-11-09

Published Online: 2018-01-05

Published in Print: 2018-07-26


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Volume 232, Issue 7-8, Pages 1041–1058, ISSN (Online) 2196-7156, ISSN (Print) 0942-9352, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zpch-2017-1034.

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