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Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte: Romanistische Abteilung

Ed. by Babusiaux, Ulrike / Kaiser, Wolfgang / Meissel, Franz Stefan / Schermaier, Martin

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Volume 136, Issue 1


Zum Rechtsschutz von Fideikommissen im Prinzipat

Ulrike Babusiaux
Published Online: 2019-07-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zrgr-2019-0007


„Es wäre auch ein ganz aussichtsloses Beginnen, wollten wir es versuchen, aus den wenigen unsicheren Andeutungen der Quellen ein nur in den Grundzügen zuverlässiges Bild des Fideikommißverfahrens zu entwerfen"1).

Judicial protection of fideicommissa during the principate. The enforcement of fideicommissa via cognitio extra ordinem from the time of Augustus onwards has led much of the scholarship to neglect the evidence for agere per formulas in this field. The paper attempts to show that until the late Severan age, fideicommissa were enforced via both procedures. For fideicommissa hereditatis, it is shown that both the senatus consultum Trebellianum and the senatus consultum Pegasianum functioned with the formulary procedure and were therefore enacted by the ordinary praetor. The cognitio in this respect seems to have been limited to the determination of the existence, the content and the consequences of a fideicommissum. For pecuniary fideicommissa over singular items, a similar partition can be assumed. In fact, safeguarding the fideicommissum through cautio fideicommissorum servandorum causa and missio rei servandae causa was attributed to the ordinary praetor also in charge of the protection of legata: only the petitio fideicommissaria itself was left to the imperial officials and their cognitio.

Keywords: Fideicommissum; cognitio extra ordinem; agere per formulas; Severan Age

About the article

Published Online: 2019-07-13

Published in Print: 2019-06-26

Citation Information: Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte: Romanistische Abteilung, Volume 136, Issue 1, Pages 140–213, ISSN (Online) 2304-4934, ISSN (Print) 0323-4096, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zrgr-2019-0007.

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