Kant’s World Concept of Philosophy and Cosmopolitanism

Courtney Fugate 1
  • 1 Department of Philosophy and Civilization Studies, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Beirut, Lebanon
Courtney Fugate
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Philosophy and Civilization Studies, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, CVSP, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107 2020, Beirut, Lebanon
  • Email
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar

Abstract

The goal of this paper is to better understand Kant’s conception of philosophy as a “world concept” (Weltbegriff), which is at the heart of the Architectonic of Pure Reason. This is pursued in two major parts. The first evaluates the textual foundation for reading Kant’s world concept of philosophy as cosmopolitanism and concludes that he most probably never himself equated philosophy as a world concept with any form of cosmopolitanism. The second major part of the paper clarifies this concept of philosophy through the specific role it plays in the argument of the Architectonic. Kant’s unique concept of science is examined and compared with several specific applications of it found elsewhere in Kant’s writings. From this it is concluded that Kant’s intention in the Architectonic was to derive his world concept of philosophy from its logical counterpart, namely the scholastic concept of philosophy, and that its function there is to provide the idea from which the entire structure (schema) of Kantian critical metaphysics can be derived. Philosophy as a world concept, it is further argued, is the complete system of critical or Kantian metaphysics in application and the philosopher in this sense is the ideal critical metaphysician who fully realizes its laws through her own understanding and will.

  • Ameriks, K. 2012a. Kant’s Elliptical Path. Oxford

  • –. 2012b. “Kant’s Ambivalent Cosmopolitanism”. In Ameriks 2012a, 145–161.

  • Bacin, S./Ferrarin, A./La Rocca, C./Ruffing, M. 2013. Kant und die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des XI. Kant-Kongresses 2010. 5 vols. Berlin/Boston.

  • Baumgarten, A. 2013. Metaphysics: A Critical Translation with Kant’s Elucidations, Selected Notes, and Related Materials. Trans./ed. C. Fugate/J. Hymers. London/New York.

  • Bianco, B. 2001. “Schulbegriff und Weltbegriff der Philosophie in der Wiener Logik”. In Vernunftkritik und Aufklärung: Studien zur Philosophie Kants und seines Jahrhunderts. Ed. M. Oberhausen in collaboration with H. P. Delfosse/R. Pozzo. Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt, 41–57.

  • Boswell, T. 1988. “On the Textual Authenticity of Kant’s Logic”. History and Philosophy of Logic 9, 193–203.

  • Ferrarin, A. 2015. The Powers of Reason: Kant and the Idea of Cosmic Philosophy. Chicago.

  • Friedrich, M. 2001. “Pölitz, Karl Heinrich Ludwig”. In Neue Deutsche Biographie 20, 562 f. Also available online at: http://www.deutsche-biographie.de/pnd11624870X.html.

  • Fugate, C. D. 2015. “The Unity of Metaphysics in Kant’s Lectures.”. In Reading Kant’s Lectures. Ed. R. Clewis. Berlin/Boston, 64–87.

  • Gava, G. 2014. “Kant’s Definition of Science in the Architectonic of Pure Reason and the Essential Ends of Reason.” Kant-Studien 105, 372–393.

  • Grimm, J./Grimm, W. 1854–. “Weltbürger,” in Deutsches Wörterbuch. Edited by the Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Berlin and maintained online at http://dwb.uni-trier.de/de/ by the Kompetenzzentrums für elektronische Erschließungs- und Publikationsverfahren in den Geisteswissenschaften an der Universität Trier.

  • Hinske, N. 1995. Forschungen und Materialien zur deutschen Aufklärung. Abteilung III: Indices. Kant-Index. Section 1: Indices zum Kantschen Logikcorpus. Band 6.1: Stellenindex und Konkordanz zur ›Logik Pölitz‹. Prepared in collaboration with T. Boswell/H. P. Delfosse/R. Pozzo and assistance by S. Ganz/S. Harwardt/M. Oberhausen/M. Trauth. Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt.

  • –. 2013. “Kants Verankerung der Kritik im Weltbegriff”. In Bacin 2013, vol. 1, 263–275.

  • Höffe, O. 2006. Kant’s Cosmopolitan Theory of Law and Peace. Trans. a. Newton. Cambridge.

  • Kaldis, B. 2013. “Worldhood: Between Scholasticism and Cosmopolitanism.” In Bacin 2013, vol. 1, 589–601.

  • Kant, I. 1800. Logik: Ein Handbuch zu Vorlesungen. Edited by Gottlob Jäsche. Königsberg.

  • –. 1821. Vorlesung über die Metaphysik. Ed. K. Pölitz. Erfurt.

  • –. 1998a. Logik-Vorlesung: Unveröffentlichte Nachschriften I – Logik Bauch. Ed. T. Pinder. Hamburg.

  • –. 1998b. Logik-Vorlesung: Unveröffentlichte Nachschriften II – Logik Hechsel, Warschau Logik. Ed. T. Pinder. Hamburg.

  • Kleingeld, P. 1999. “Six Varieties of Cosmopolitanism in Late Eighteenth-Century Germany”. Journal of the History of Ideas 60, 505–524.

  • Kresse, K. 2008. “Can Wisdom Be Taught? Kant, Sage Philosophy, and Ethnographic Reflections from the Swahili Coast”. In Teaching for Wisdom. Ed. M. Ferrari/G. Potworowski. Dordrecht, 189–206.

  • Lindgren, J. R. 1963. “Kant’s Conceptus Cosmicus”. Dialogue 2, 280–300.

  • Makkreel, R. A. 2013. “Differentiating Worldly and Cosmopolitan Senses of Philosophy in Kant”. In Bacin 2013. vol. 1, 644–652.

  • Manchester, P. 2003. “Kant’s Conception of Architectonic in its Historical Context”. Journal of the History of Philosophy 41, 187–207.

  • –. 2008. “Kant’s Conception of Architectonic in Its Philosophical Context”. Kantstudien 99, 133–151.

  • Nussbaum, M. C. 1997. “Kant and Stoic Cosmopolitanism”. The Journal of Political Philosophy 5, 1–25.

  • Stark, W. 1987. “Neue Kant-Logiken: Beobachtungen, Überlegungen und Daten zu gedruckten Kollegheften nach Kants Vorlesungen über Logik”. In Kant-Forschungen I. Ed. R. Brandt/W. Stark. Hamburg, 123–164.

  • Tonelli, G. 1994. Kant’s “Critique of Pure Reason” within the Tradition of Modern Logic. Ed. D. H. Chandler. Hildesheim.

  • Uleman, J. K. 2010. An Introduction to Kant’s Moral Philosophy. Cambridge/New York.

  • Wilson, H. L. 2013. “Is Kant’s Worldly Concept of Philosophy really ‘Regional Philosophy’?”. In Bacin 2013, 763–772.

  • Wolff, C. 2005. Erste Philosophie oder Ontologie: Lateinisch-Deutsch. Hamburg.

  • Ypi, L. 2011. “Practical Agency, Teleology and System in Kant’s Architectonic of Pure Reason”. In Politics and Metaphysics in Kant. Ed. H. Williams/S. Baiasu/S. Philstrom. Cardiff, 134–151.

Purchase article
Get instant unlimited access to the article.
$42.00
Log in
Already have access? Please log in.


or
Log in with your institution

Journal + Issues

Search