FTIR spectroscopy of Ti-rich pargasites from Lherz and the detection of O2- at the anionic O3 site in amphiboles

Giancarlo Della Ventura 1 , 2 , Roberta Oberti 2 , Frank C. Hawthorne 3  and Fabio Bellatreccia 1
  • 1 Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Università Roma Tre, Largo S. Leonardo Murialdo 1, I-00146 Roma, Italy
  • 2 CNR-Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse, Unità di Pavia, via Ferrata 1, I-27100 Pavia, Italy
  • 3 Department of Geological Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, R3T 2N2 Canada

Abstract

This paper reports a single-crystal unpolarized-light FTIR study in the OH-stretching region of a suite of well-characterized Ti-rich pargasites from Lherz (French Pyrenees). All amphiboles studied have fairly constant M-site composition, with [6]Altot ~0.55 atoms per formula unit (apfu), [6]Ti ~0.45 apfu, and [6]Fe3+ ~0.40 apfu. SIMS and SREF data show all samples to have an O3 anion composition of OH ≈ O2- ≈ 1.0 apfu, with negligible F. The FTIR spectra show for all samples a broad absorption consisting of several overlapping bands; three main components can be recognized: ~3710, 3686, and 3660 cm-1, respectively, with an asymmetric tail extending to lower frequency. Six Gaussian components can be fitted to the spectra; comparison with spectra of both synthetic and natural pargasites allows five of these components to be assigned to local configurations involving OH-O2- at the O3 site, thus showing that coupling with an O2- anion through an A-cation significantly affects band position. Infrared spectroscopy can detect the presence of O2- in amphiboles in chemically favorable cases, i.e., in the absence of F. Moreover, the FTIR spectra show that all octahedral configurations involving M1Ti4+ or M1Fe3+M3Fe3+ are associated with O2- at both adjacent O3 sites, and that M3Al is locally associated with OH, confirming SRO models based on structure refinement results.

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