Effects of laser processing conditions on wettability and proliferation of Saos-2 cells on CoCrMo alloy surfaces

Afif Batal 1 , Aleksandra Michalek 1 , Antonio Garcia-Giron 1 , Vahid Nasrollahihttp://orcid.org/https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5697-8062 1 , Pavel Penchev 1 , Rachel Sammons 2  and Stefan Dimov 1
  • 1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
  • 2 School of Dentistry, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B5 7EG, UK
Afif Batal
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
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  • PhD student of the laser processing group in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Birmingham, UK.
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, Aleksandra Michalek
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
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  • PhD student of the laser processing group in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Birmingham, UK.
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, Antonio Garcia-Giron
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
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  • PhD student of the laser processing group in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Birmingham, UK.
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, Vahid NasrollahiORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5697-8062
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
  • orcid.org/0000-0002-5697-8062
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  • PhD student of the laser processing group in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Birmingham, UK.
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, Pavel Penchev
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
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  • Research fellow part of the laser processing group in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Birmingham, UK.
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, Rachel Sammons
  • School of Dentistry, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B5 7EG, UK
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  • Rachel Sammons is the Programme Lead for the BMedSc (Biomedical Materials Science) programme at the University of Birmingham. She is also the First Year Tutor and Examinations Officer for this Programme. Rachel Sammons research interests focus on surface interactions between mammalian cells and bacteria and biomaterials – especially titanium and hydroxyapatite, for bone repair and the prevention of infection.
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and Stefan Dimov
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
  • Further information
  • Stefan Dimov is a Professor of micro manufacturing at the University of Birmingham. His research interests encompass the broad area of advanced manufacturing with a special focus on micro and nano manufacturing, additive manufacturing and hybrid manufacturing technologies. He established the micro manufacturing and hybrid manufacturing labs which are now widely recognised for their internationally leading research. His academic output includes more than 250 technical papers and 13 books. He has supervised over 20 PhD theses to completion. He has won in excess of £30M in external research grants and contracts.
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Abstract

Any processing disturbances in laser surface texturing (LST) could compromise the resulting surface topography and their desired functional response. Disturbances such as focal plane offsets and beam incident angle variations are always present in LST processing of 3D parts and can affect the surface morphology. In this research the effects of these laser processing disturbances in producing laser induced surface structures (LIPSS) on CoCrMo alloy substrates were investigated. In particular, these two disturbances were considered as laser processing variables to determine their effects on functional responses of LIPSS treated surfaces, i.e. surface wettability and the proliferation of Saos-2 osteoblast-like cells were evaluated. It was found that the changes of laser processing conditions led to a decrease in surface wettability and Saos-2 cells proliferation. In addition, a correlation between surface wettability and cell proliferation on LIPSS treated surface was identified and conclusions made about the effects of investigated process disturbances on the functional response of LIPSS treated CoCrMo substrates.

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Advanced Optical Technologies is a strictly peer-reviewed scientific journal. The major aim of Advanced Optical Technologies is to publish recent progress in the fields of optical design, optical engineering, and optical manufacturing. Advanced Optical Technologies has a main focus on applied research and addresses scientists as well as experts in industrial research and development.

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