Recruitment of the Interleukin-1 Receptor (IL-1RI)-Associated Kinase IRAK to the IL-1RI Is Redox Regulated

G.-F. Böl, N. Jurrmann und R. Brigelius-Flohé

Abstract

Interleukin-1 signaling is initiated by recruitment of adapter proteins and kinases to the type I interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1RI). It is modulated by accompanying redox processes at various levels, such as (auto-) phosphorylation of the IL-1RIassociated kinase IRAK, the phosphorylation of IκB and translocation and transcriptional activity of NFκB. Here we demonstrate that the thiolmodifying agents diamide, menadione, and phenylarsine oxide (PAO) block the recruitment of IRAK to the receptor without inhibiting kinase activity in the immunoprecipitated IL-1RI complex in the human epithelial cell line ECV304 and the murine T cell line EL-4. Inhibition of IRAK receptor association by menadione is reversible in a GSH-dependent manner, while the PAO effect proved to be irreversible. Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase attenuates inhibition by menadione. Recruitment correlates with the presence of thiol groups in IRAK that were available for IAIT-labeling. We conclude that recruitment of IRAK to the IL-1RI is redox regulated by the glutathione system, a reduced status being a prerequisite for an appropiate IL-1 response.

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Biological Chemistry keeps you up-to-date with the latest advances in the molecular life sciences. The journal publishes Research Articles, Short Communications, Reviews and Minireviews. Areas include: general biochemistry/pathobiochemistry, structural biology, molecular and cellular biology, genetics and epigenetics, virology, molecular medicine, plant molecular biology/biochemistry and novel experimental methodologies.

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