Warrantless Arrest Laws for Domestic Violence: How Are Youth Affected?

  • 1 Auckland University of Technology, 120 Mayoral Drive, Auckland, New Zealand
  • 2 Auckland University of Technology, 120 Mayoral Drive, Auckland, New Zealand
Kabir Dasgupta
  • Corresponding author
  • Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand Work Research Institute, Faculty of Business, Economics and Law, 120 Mayoral Drive, 1010, Auckland, New Zealand
  • Email
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar
and Gail Pacheco
  • Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand Work Research Institute, Faculty of Business, Economics and Law, 120 Mayoral Drive, 1010, Auckland, New Zealand
  • Email
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar

Abstract

This study empirically examines the impact of warrantless arrest laws (designed to deter domestic violence) on multiple youth outcomes. Utilizing variation in the timing of implementation of the laws across states, and employing a difference in differences framework, we examine both the direct and indirect impacts on youth in the United States. There appears to be no significant direct link between warrantless arrest laws and domestic violence-related homicides. However, on the indirect front, we do find strong evidence that implementation of the arrest laws results in a drop in the probability of youth experiencing suicidal ideation. This analysis also accounts for important heterogeneities in laws across states, and our findings are robust to multiple sensitivity checks, aimed at addressing key threats to identification.

  • Afifi, T.O., H. MacMillan, B.J. Cox, G.J.G. Asmundson, M.B. Stein, and J. Sareen. 2009. “Mental Health Correlates of Intimate Partner Violence in Marital Relationships in a Nationally Representative Sample of Males and Females.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 24 (8):1398–1417.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Anderson, D.M., B. Hansen, and D.I. Rees. 2015. “Medical Marijuana Laws and Teen Marijuana Use.” American Law and Economics Review 17 (2):495–528.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Angrist, J.D., and J.-S. Pischke. 2009. Mostly Harmless Econometrics: An Empiricist’s Companion. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

  • Beitchman, J.H., K.J. Zucker, J.E. Hood, G.A. DaCosta, D. Akman, and E. Cassavia. 1992. “A Review of the Long-Term Effects of Child Sexual Abuse.” Child Abuse & Neglect 16 (1):101–118.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • Black, D.J. 1980. The Manners and Customs of the Police. New York: Academic Press.

  • Black, M.C., K.C. Basile, M.J. Breiding, S.G. Smith, M.L. Walters, M.T. Merrick, and M.R. Stevens. 2011. National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, 75. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

  • Briere, J.N., and D.M. Elliott. 1994. “Immediate and Long-Term Impacts of Child Sexual Abuse.”. In The Future of Children. Vol. 4, 54–69.

    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • Brown, J., P. Cohen, J.G. Johnson, and E.M. Smailes. 1999. “Childhood Abuse and Neglect: Specificity of Effects on Adolescent and Young Adult Depression and Suicidality.” Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 38 (12):1490–1496.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Buzawa, E.S., and C.G. Buzawa. 1993. “The Impact of Arrest on Domestic Violence Introduction.” The American Behavioral Scientist (1986-1994) 36 (5):558.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Child Welfare Information Gateway. 2013. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Children’s Bureau Long-Term Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect. Washington, DC: Child Welfare Information Gateway.

  • Cicchetti, D., and S.L. Toth. 1995. “A Developmental Psychopathology Perspective on Child Abuse and Neglect.” Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 34 (5):541–565.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • DeBoard-Lucas, R.L., and J.H. Grych. 2011. “Children’s Perceptions of Intimate Partner Violence: Causes, Consequences, and Coping.” Journal of Family Violence 26 (5):343–354.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Edleson, J.L. 1999. “Children’s Witnessing of Adult Domestic Violence.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 14 (8):839–870.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Hirschel, D., E. Buzawa, A. Pattavina, and D. Faggiani. 2007. “Domestic Violence and Mandatory Arrest Laws: To What Extent Do They Influence Police Arrest Decisions?” The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 98: 255–298.

  • Hirschel, J.D 2008. Domestic Violence Cases: What Research Shows about Arrest and Dual Arrest Rates. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.

  • Holden, G.W. 2003. “Children Exposed to Domestic Violence and Child Abuse: Terminology and Taxonomy.” Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review 6 (3):151–160.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • Holt, S., H. Buckley, and S. Whelan. 2008. “The Impact of Exposure to Domestic Violence on Children and Young People: A Review of the Literature.” Child Abuse & Neglect 32 (8):797–810.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Iyengar, R. 2009. “Does the Certainty of Arrest Reduce Domestic Violence? Evidence from Mandatory and Recommended Arrest Laws.” Journal of Public Economics 93 (1):85–98.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Izaguirre, A., and E. Calvete. 2015. “Children Who are Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence: Interviewing Mothers to Understand Its Impact on Children.” Child Abuse & Neglect 48:58–67.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • Kitzmann, K.M., N.K. Gaylord, A.R. Holt, and E.D. Kenny. 2003. “Child Witnesses to Domestic Violence: A Meta-Analytic Review.” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 71 (2):339.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • Kolbo, J.R., E.H. Blakely, and D. Engleman. 1996. “Children Who Witness Domestic Violence: A Review of Empirical Literature.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 11 (2):281–293.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Langton, L., M. Berzofsky, C.P. Krebs, and H. Smiley-McDonald. 2012. Victimizations Not Reported to the Police, 2006-2010. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Margolin, Gayla. “Effects of domestic violence on children.” (1998).

  • Margolin, G. 1998. Effects of Domestic Violence on Children.

  • Maxwell, C., J.H. Garner, and J. Fagan. 2001. The Effects of Arrest on Intimate Partner Violence: New Evidence from the Spouse Assault Replication Program. Washinton, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.

  • McDonald, R., and J.H. Grych. 2006. “Young Children’s Appraisals of Interparental Conflict: Measurement and Links with Adjustment Problems.” Journal of Family Psychology 20 (1):88.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • McDonald, R., E.N. Jouriles, S. Ramisetty-Mikler, R. Caetano, and C.E. Green. 2006. “Estimating the Number of American Children Living in Partner-Violent Families.” Journal of Family Psychology 20 (1):137.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Miller, N. 2004. Domestic Violence: A Review of State Legislation Defining Police and Prosecution Duties and Powers. Alexandria, VA: Institute for law and Justice.

  • Mullen, P.E., J.L. Martin, J.C. Anderson, S.E. Romans, and G.P. Herbison. 1996. “The Long-Term Impact of the Physical, Emotional, and Sexual Abuse of Children: A Community Study.” Child Abuse & Neglect 20 (1):7–21.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • Norton, E.C. “Log Odds and Ends.” No. w18252. National Bureau of Economic Research, (2012).

  • Sabia, J., and D.M. Anderson. “Parental Involvement Laws, Birth Control, and Mental Health: New Evidence from the YRBS.” Working Paper, San Diego State University, (2014).

  • Sabia, J.J., and B. Bass. 2017. “Do Anti-Bullying Laws Work? New Evidence on School Safety and Youth Violence.” Journal of Population Economics 30 (2):473–502.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Sabia, J.J., M.M. Pitts, and L.M. Argys. 2014. Do Minimum Wages Really Increase Youth Drinking and Drunk Driving?.

  • Schmidt, J.D., and L.W. Sherman. 1996. “Does Arrest Deter Domestic Violence.” Do Arrests and Restraining Orders Work :43–53.

  • Sherman, L.W., and R.A. Berk. 1984. “The Specific Deterrent Effects of Arrest for Domestic Assault.” American Sociological Review 49: 261–272.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • Stuart-Cassel, V., A. Bell, and J.F. Springer. (2011).Analysis of state bullying laws and policies. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development, US Department of Education 1–202.

  • Truman, J.L., and R.E. Morgan. 2014. Nonfatal Domestic Violence, 2003–2012. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.

  • US Department of Health and Human Services. “Child Maltreatment 2012.” (2013). Accessed October 2, 2015. http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/resource/child-maltreatment-2012.

  • Wanless, M 1996 . “Mandatory Arrest: A Step toward Eradicating Domestic Violence, but Is It Enough.” U Illinois L Reviews 533: 557– 561.

  • Widom, C.S., and S. Hiller-Sturmhofel. 2001. “Alcohol Abuse as a Risk Factor for and Consequence of Child Abuse.” Alcohol Research & Health 25 (1):52–52.

  • Wolfe, D.A., C.V. Crooks, V. Lee, A. McIntyre-Smith, and P.G. Jaffe. 2003. “The Effects of Children’s Exposure to Domestic Violence: A Meta-Analysis and Critique.” Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review 6 (3):171–187.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • Zeoli, A.M., A. Norris, and H. Brenner. 2011a. “A Summary and Analysis of Warrantless Arrest Statutes for Domestic Violence in the United States.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 26 (14):2811–2833.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Zeoli, A.M., A. Norris, and H. Brenner. 2011b. “Mandatory, Preferred, or Discretionary: How the Classification of Domestic Violence Warrantless Arrest Laws Impacts Their Estimated Effects on Intimate Partner Homicide.” Evaluation Review 35 (2):129–152.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
Purchase article
Get instant unlimited access to the article.
$42.00
Log in
Already have access? Please log in.


Journal + Issues

The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy (BEJEAP) is an international forum for scholarship that employs microeconomics to analyze issues in business, consumer behavior and public policy. Topics include the interaction of firms, the functioning of markets, the effects of domestic and international policy and the design of organizations and institutions.

Search