Stream section types of the Danube River in Serbia according to the distribution of macroinvertebrates

Bojana Tubić 1 , Vladica Simić 2 , Katarina Zorić 1 , Zoran Gačić 3 , Ana Atanacković 1 , Bela Csányi 4 ,  and Momir Paunović 1
  • 1 Institute for Biological Research “Siniša Stanković”, University of Belgrade, Despota Stefana 142 Blvd, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia
  • 2 Institute of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia
  • 3 Institute for Multidisciplinary Research, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  • 4 Environmental Protection and Water Management Research Institute (VITUKI Kht), Budapest, Hungary

Abstract

The aim of this study was to use the data on the distribution of aquatic macroinvertebrates obtained from 14 sites within a 413 km long stretch of the Danube River in Serbia to show the relevance of the bordering zone between the Middle and Lower Danube. A total of 68 macroinvertebrate taxa were observed. Molluscs were the major component with regard to species richness and relative abundance. Lithoglyphus naticoides (C. Pfeiffer, 1828) was the most abundant species and Unio tumidus (Retzius, 1788) was the most frequent species. Product-moment correlation coefficients or Pearson r coefficient was used to analyse the relation between the sites based on macroinvertebrate distribution. The data obtained by product-moment correlation served as input for cluster analyses. According to a cluster analyses Danube River in Serbia could be separated in the free-flowing sector, the stretch with a backwater effect and the area of the Iron Gate.

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