Night-time leaf wetting process and its effect on the morning humidity gradient as a driving force of transpirational water loss in a semi-arid cornfield

Daisuke Yasutake 1 , Makito Mori 2 , Masaharu Kitano 1 , Ryosuke Nomiyama 3 , Yuta Miyoshi 3 , Daisuke Hisaeda 3 , Hiroyui Cho 4 , Kenta Tagawa 4 , Yueru Wu 5  and Weizhen Wang 5
  • 1 Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, 812-8581, Japan
  • 2 Agriculture Unit, Natural Sciences Cluster, Research and Education Faculty, Kochi University, Kochi, 783-8502, Japan
  • 3 Graduate School of Bioresource and Bioenvironmental Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, 812-8581, Japan
  • 4 Department of Agricultural Sciences, Saga University, Saga, 840t8502, Japan
  • 5 Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou, 730000, China

Abstract

Night-time leaf wetting process was analyzed in relation to micrometeorological conditions in a semi-arid cornfield and its effect was examined in the following morning with reference to the leaf-to-air humidity gradient which is a driving force in transpiration. Leaf wetness occurred due to dew formation under clear and calm night conditions which decreased canopy surface temperature to the air dew-point temperature. The amount of dew on leaves collected around sunrise (06:00) was 26.4-104.3 g m−2 · leaf area, which corresponded to 0.07-0.27 mm water. Leaf wetness remained until around 10:00 and significantly decreased leaf temperature. As a result, the leaf-to-air humidity gradient also decreased in the wetted leaf compared to the non-wetted leaf. These results suggest that night-time leaf wetting induces lower transpiration rate and may play a role in diminishing plant water stress due to excess transpirational water loss in the morning in semi-arid environments. Further studies are needed in order to demonstrate this possible effect.

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