First report of Gussevia asota (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae), destructive parasite of A stronotus ocellatus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) in Europe

Ľubomír Šmiga 1 , Lenka Košuthová 1 , Ján Koščo 2 , Peter Košuth 1 , Ladislav Pekárik, Adriána Fečkaninová 5  and Peter Lazar 1
  • 1 University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Košice, Institute of Breeding and Diseases of Game and Fish, Komen-ského 73, 041 81 Košice, Slovakia
  • 2 University of Prešov, Department of Ecology, Faculty of Human and Natural Sciences, 17. November 15, 080 01 Prešov, Slovakia
  • 3 Institute of Botany, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravska cesta 9, 845 23 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • 4 Department of Biology, Faculty of Education, Trnava University, Priemyselná 4, P.O. Box 9, 918 43 Trnava, Slovakia
  • 5 University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Košice, Institute of Meat hygiene and Technology, Komenského 73, 041 81 Košice, Slovakia
Ľubomír Šmiga, Lenka Košuthová, Ján Koščo, Peter Košuth, Ladislav Pekárik, Adriána Fečkaninová and Peter Lazar

Abstract

During epizootological monitoring of local pet-shops and aquarium fish breeders, 45 juvenile fish of Astronotus ocellatus Agassiz, 1831 were examined in March 2013 and October 2014. Fish were imported from a Singapore farm. We found massive infection by Gussevia asota with 100% prevalence and high mean intensities 246 and 265 parasites. Fish displayed visible asphyxia, neurological symptoms, uncoordinated locomotion and sudden death. High 98% mortality of imported juveniles suggests reduced capacity to tolerate hypoxia among oscar juveniles. This is the first report of infection by G. asota in A. ocellatus juveniles in commercial shop from Slovak Republic, in Europe.

  • Abdallah V.D., Azevedo R.K. & Luque J.L. 2008. Notes of the morphology on the two species of Gussevia Konh et Paperna (Monogena: Dactylogyridae) parasitic on Astronotus ocellatus (Agassiz) (Perciformes: Cichlidae) from Brazil. Pan-Am. J. Aquat. Sci. 3 (2): 101-104.

  • Azevedo R.K., Abdallah V.D. & Luque J.L. 2007. Ecologia da comunidade de metazoários parasitos do Apaiarí Astronotus ocellatus (Cope, 1872) (Perciformes: Cichlidae) do Rio Guandu, Estado de Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Rev. Bras. Para-sitol. Vet. 16 (1): 15-20.

  • Bush A.O., Lafferty K.D., Lots J.M. & Shostak A.W. 1997. Par-asitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. J. Parasitol. 83 (4): 575-583.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Chai J.Y., Murrell K.D. & Lymbery A.J. 2005. Fish-borne parasitic zoonoses: Status and issues. Int. J. Parasitol. 35 (11-12): 1233-1254.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Delgado P.M., Delgado J.P.M. & Orbe R.I. 2014. Parasitism by Gussevia asota in gills of jouveniles of Astronotus ocellatus cultured in the Peruvian Amazon. J. Fish. Sci. 8 (1): 61—66.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Ergens R. & Lom J. (ed.). 1970. Původci parasitárních nemocí ryb [Causative Agents of Parasitic Diseases of Fish]. Academia, Prague, 383 pp.

  • FAO. 2005—2015. Fisheries and Aquaculture Topics. Ornamental Fish. Topics Fact Sheets. Text by Devin Bartley. In: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department [online], Rome. Updated 29 December 2015. http://www.fao.org/fishery/topic/ 13611/en

  • Kent M.L. 1999. A myxozoan resembling Myxidium leei in the anemone fish Amphiprion frenatus from the Pacific Ocean. Bull. Eur. Ass. Fish Pathol. 19 (1): 42-43.

  • Kim J.H., Hayward C.J., Joh S.J. & Heo G.J. 2002. Parasitic infections in live freshwater tropical fishes imported to Korea. Dis. Aquat. Organ. 52 (2): 169-173.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Kritsky D.C., Thatcher V.E. & Boeger W.A. 1989. Neotropical Monogenoidea 15. Dactylogyrids from the gills of Brazilian Cichlidae with proposal of Sciadicleithrum gen. n. (Dactylogyridae). Proc. Helminthol. Soc. Wash. 56 (2): 128-140.

  • Madanire-Moyo G.N., Matla M.M., Olivier P.A.S. & Luus-Powell W.J. 2011. Population dynamics and spatial distribution of monogeneans on the gills of Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852) from two lakes of the Limpopo River system, South Africa. J. Helminthol. 85 (2): 146-152.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Mathews D.P., Mertins O., Mathews J.P.D. & Orbe R.I. 2013. Massive parasitism by Gussevia tucunarense (Platy-helminthes: Monogenea: Dactylogyridae) in fingerlins of bu-jurquitucunare cultured in the Peruvian Amazon. Acta Parasitol. 58 (2): 223-225.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Mehrdana F., Jensen H.M., Kania P.W. & Buchmann K. 2014. Import of exotic and zoonotic trematodes (Heterophyidae: Centrocestus sp.) in Xiphophorus maculatus: Implications for ornamental fish import control in Europe. Acta Parasitol. 59 (2): 276-83.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Mendoza-Franco E.F., Sholz T. & Roskosná P. 2010. Tucunarella n. gen. and other Dactylogyrids (Monogenoidea) from cichlid fish (Perciformes) from Peruvian Amazonia. J. Parasitol. 96 (3): 491-498.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Moravec F., Wolter J. & Korting W. 1999. Some nematodes and acanthocephalans from exotic ornamental freshwater fishes imported into Germany. Folia Parasitol. 46 (4): 296-310.

  • Neves L.R., Pereira F.B., Tavares-Dias M. & Luque J.L. 2013. Seasonal influence on the parasite fauna of a wild population of Astronotus ocellatus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) from the Brazilian Amazon. J. Parasitol. 99 (4): 718-721.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Noga E.J. 2010. Fish Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment. 2nded. Wiley-Blackwell, 536 pp. ISBN-10: 0813806976, ISBN-13: 978-0813806976

  • Oliver K. (ed.) 2001. The Ornamental Fish Market. FAO/GLO-BEFISH Research Program Vol. 67, Rome: FAO, 91 pp.

  • Oliver K. 2003 World trade in ornamnetal species, Part II. A., pp. 49-63. In: Cato J.C. & Brown C.L. (eds), Marine Ornamental Species: Collection, Culture and Conservation, 1st ed., Blackwell, Ames, 395 pp. ISBN: 0813829879, 9780813829876

  • Pavanelli G.C., Eiras J., Takemoto R.M. & Magalhaes A.R.M 2000. Sanidade de peixes, ras, crustáceos e moluscos, pp. 197— 246. In: Valenti W.C., Poli C.R., Pereira J.A. & Borghetti J.R (eds), Aquicultura no Brasil: Bases para um desen-volvimento sustentável, CNPq Ministério da Cięncia e Tecnologia, Brasılia, Distrito Federal, Brazil, 399 pp. ISBN-10: 8587632094, ISBN-13: 978-8587632098

  • Pearson D. 2005. Import Risk Analysis: Ornamental Fish. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Wellington, New Zeland, 264 pp.

  • Roberts H.E. (ed.). 2010. Fundamentals of Ornamental Fish Health. Wiley-Blackwell, USA, 244 pp. ISBN: 0813814014, 978-0-8138-1401-8

  • Stoskopf M.K. 1993. Fish Medicine. WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 882 pp. ISBN: 978-0721626291

  • Tavares-Dias M., Sousa T.J.S.M. & Neves L.R. 2014. Parasitic infections in two benthopelagic fish from Amazon: The Arowana Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Osteoglossidae) and Oscar Astronotus ocellatus (Cichlidae). Infeccoes parasitárias em dois peixes bentopelágicos da Amazônia: o Aruana Os-teoglossum bicirrhosum (Osteoglossidae) e Apaiari Oscar Astronotus ocellatus (Cichlidae). Biosci. J. Uberlandia 30 (2): 546-555.

  • Thatcher V.E. 2006. Amazon Fish Parasites. Pensoft Publishers, Sofia-Moscow, 508 pp. ISBN: 954-642-258-4, 978-954-642-285-3

  • Thoney D.A. & Hargis J.W. Jr. 1991. Monogenea (Platy-helminthes) as hazards for fish in confinement. Annu. Rev. Fish. Dis. 1: 133-153.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Wabnitz C., Taylor M., Green E. & Razak T. (eds). 2003. From Ocean to Aquarium. The Global Trade in Marine Ornamental Species. UNEP-WCMC Biodiversity Series No 17, Cambridge, 64 pp. ISBN: 92-807-2363-4

  • Wildgoose W.H. 2001. BSAVA Manual of Ornamental Fish Health, 2nd. Edition. BSAVA publications, Gloucester, 312 pp. ISBN-10: 0905214579, ISBN-13: 978-0905214573

Purchase article
Get instant unlimited access to the article.
Log in
Already have access? Please log in.


Journal + Issues

Search