Occurrence of Carrageenan Structure in an Agar from the Red Seaweed Digenea simplex (Wulfen)
C. Agardh (Rhodomelaceae, Ceramiales) with a Short Review of Carrageenan-Agarocolloid Hybrid
in the Florideophycidae
R. Takano, K. Shiomoto, K. Kamei, S. Hara, and S. Hirase
A fractionation study of crude agar from the red seaweed Digenea simplex led to isolation of a galactan sulfate fraction consisting of a carrageenan-agaroid hybrid-type backbone. This polysaccharide fraction, containing D-galactose (Gal), L-Gal, 3,6-anhydro-D-galactose (D-AnGal), L-AnGal, sulfate and a small amount of xylose, appeared to consist of repeating units of both 4-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-3,6-anhydro-L-galactose (agarobiose) and 4-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-3,6-anhydro-D-galactose (carrabiose) on the basis of results from a partial methanolysis study. Two other repeating disaccharide units in the backbone, 4-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl- L-galactose and 4-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-D-galactose, were also suggested by the methylation study. The sulfate groups were also suggested to be located at O-4 of (1→3)-linked D-Gal, O-6 of (1→3)-linked D-Gal, O-6 of (1→4)-linked L-Gal and/or O-2 of (1→4)-linked AnGal residues, besides O-3 of (1→4)-linked D-Gal residue. Co-occurrence of carrageenan and agarocolloid backbone structure among the genera in the Florideophycidae was also reviewed.
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