The Proteome: Anno Domini 2002

Pier Giorgio Righetti, Annalisa Castagna, Francesca Antonucci, Chiara Piubelli, Daniela Cecconi, Natascia Campostrini, Gianluigi Zanusso and Salvatore Monaco

Abstract

We present some current definitions related to functional and structural proteomics and the human proteome, and we review the following aspects of proteome analysis: Classical 2-D map analysis (isoelectric focusing (IEF) followed by SDS-PAGE); Quantitative proteomics (isotope-coded affinity tag (ICAT), fluorescent stains) and their use in e.g., tumor analysis and identification of new target proteins for drug development; Electrophoretic pre-fractionation (how to see the hidden proteome!); Multidimensional separations, such as: (a) coupled size-exclusion and reverse-phase (RP)-HPLC; (b) coupled ion-exchange and RP-HPLC; (c) coupled RPHPLC and RP-HPLC at 25/60 °C; (d) coupled RP-HPLC and capillary electrophoresis (CE); (e) metal affinity chromatography coupled with CE; Protein chips.

Some general conclusions are drawn on proteome analysis and we end this review by trying to decode the glass ball of the aruspex and answer the question: “Quo vadis, proteome”?

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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine ( CCLM) publishes articles on novel teaching and training methods applicable to laboratory medicine. CCLM welcomes contributions on the progress in fundamental and applied research and cutting-edge clinical laboratory medicine. It is one of the leading journals in the field, with an impact factor of over three. CCLM is the official journal of nine national clinical societies and associated with EFLM.

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