Molecular Diagnostics by Microelectronic Microchips

Maurizio Ferrari, Stefania Stenirri, Pierangelo Bonini und Laura Cremonesi

Abstract

Molecular diagnostics is being revolutionized by the completion of the human genome project and by the development of highly advanced technologies for DNA testing. One of the most important challenges is the introduction of high throughput systems such as DNA chips into diagnostic laboratories. DNA microchips are small devices permitting rapid analysis of genetic information, exploiting miniaturization of all components and automation of operational procedures. The most important biochip applications include gene expression and genetic variation identification and both may improve human molecular diagnostics. Here we review several approaches developed to allow rapid detection of many single nucleotide polymorphisms and mutations in large population samples. Among these, the use of microelectronics seems to best fit with the needs of molecular diagnostics.

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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine ( CCLM) publishes articles on novel teaching and training methods applicable to laboratory medicine. CCLM welcomes contributions on the progress in fundamental and applied research and cutting-edge clinical laboratory medicine. It is one of the leading journals in the field, with an impact factor of over 3. CCLM is the official journal of 9 national clinical societies and associated with EFLM.

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