PON1-192 Phenotype and Genotype Assessments in 918 Subjects of the Stanislas Cohort Study

Monique Vincent-Viry, Catherine Sass, Sabine Bastien, Dominique Aguillon, Gérard Siest and Sophie Visvikis

Abstract

This study describes the factors of variation of the enzymes related to the PON1-192 phenotype assessment, i.e., basal paraoxonase, salt-stimulated paraoxonase and arylesterase activities, and compares the PON1-192 phenotype to the PON1-192 genotype assessments in supposedly healthy subjects issued from the Stanislas cohort study. The studied population included 918 subjects, i.e., 221 families including 441 adults and 477 children aged 4 to 58 years. Potential determinants such as age, gender, body mass index, alcohol and tobacco consumption, and oral contraceptive intake have been studied. The PON ratio (salt-stimulated paraoxonase/arylesterase) was trimodally distributed and the cut-off values used to differentiate the two homozygous (AA and BB phenotypes) from the heterozygous (AB phenotype) subjects were 3.0 and 7.0 in this study. In males, basal paraoxonase and salt-stimulated paraoxonase activities were not affected by alcohol consumption and current smoking, but basal paraoxonase activity was decreased by 15% by current smoking and was increased by 15% by oral contraceptive intake in females as was the salt-stimulated paraoxonase activity. The level of discordance between phenotype and genotype assessments was 7.2% (66/918). Most of the discrepancies were observed between the BB and AB phenotypes (4.25%).

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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine ( CCLM) publishes articles on novel teaching and training methods applicable to laboratory medicine. CCLM welcomes contributions on the progress in fundamental and applied research and cutting-edge clinical laboratory medicine. It is one of the leading journals in the field, with an impact factor of over three. CCLM is the official journal of nine national clinical societies and associated with EFLM.

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