Serum biobank certification and the establishment of quality controls for biological fluids: examples of serum biomarker stability after temperature variation

Christine Chaigneau 1 , 1 , Thomas Cabioch 2 , 2 , Katy Beaumont 3 , 3  and Fotini Betsou 4 , 4
  • 1 Biobanque de Picardie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire d'Amiens, Salouel, France
  • 2 Biobanque de Picardie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire d'Amiens, Salouel, France
  • 3 Biobanque de Picardie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire d'Amiens, Salouel, France
  • 4 Biobanque de Picardie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire d'Amiens, Salouel, France

Abstract

Background: One of the main issues in biobanking is the establishment of standard operating procedures for specimen collection, preparation and storage to control for pre-analytical variation. For biological fluids such as serum, there is currently a lack of sensitive biomarkers for the quality control of cryopreservation conditions.

Methods: The process approach was used to establish an ISO 9001:2000 quality management system. Immunoenzymatic and functional assays were used to assess the stability of the following candidate quality control biomarkers: secretory phospholipase A2, matrix metalloprotease 7, transforming growth factor β1 and anti-HBs immunoglobulin.

Results: Five product processes and their corresponding indicators were identified. In the preparation-aliquoting-storage process, no quality control indicator for serum was identified. Only matrix metalloprotease 7 showed moderate susceptibility to freeze-thaw cycles.

Conclusions: Biomarkers that have an on-off response to temperature variation could serve as quality indicators for the core processes of biobanking, which are the preparation and storage of biological fluids. The identification of such biomarkers is needed.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2007;45:1390–5.

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Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine ( CCLM) publishes articles on novel teaching and training methods applicable to laboratory medicine. CCLM welcomes contributions on the progress in fundamental and applied research and cutting-edge clinical laboratory medicine. It is one of the leading journals in the field, with an impact factor of over three. CCLM is the official journal of nine national clinical societies and associated with EFLM.

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