It has been shown that the formation of calcium phosphate crystals can be detected in patient blood using a polymer microchip manufactured by ultrasonic processing. Ultrasonic processing is recently evolving for the fabrication of low-cost microfluidic devices from thermoplastic polymers. The formation of calcium phosphate crystals can be measured in the blood serum of a patient both optically from a change in turbidity or in electrical resistance.
Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering is an open access journal and closely related to the journal
Biomedical Engineering - Biomedizinische Technik.CDBME is a forum for the exchange of knowledge in the fields of biomedical engineering, medical information technology and biotechnology/bioengineering for medicine and addresses engineers, natural scientists, and clinicians working in research, industry, or clinical practice.