Based on the archaeological evidences from western Tibet and Swat and Kashmir Valleys, this paper argues that there were indeed local traditions of Neolithic cultures of the northwestern subcontinent, but its connection with outside areas, especially the Tibet of China could not be denied. The evidences showed trans-Himalayan transmission in small scale. Karub Culture in the eastern Tibet and Dingzhonghu Zhuzi Site in the southwestern Tibet might have been the connecting points of trans-Himalayan Neolithic interactions, and this small scale cultural penetrating should be explained in the background of long-distance trans-Himalayan trade.
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