Ionic liquids based on 2-chloroethyltrimethylammonium chloride (CCC) as plant growth regulators

Tadeusz Praczyk 1 , Katarzyna Zakrocka 1 , Danuta Wyrzykowska 1 , Michał Niemczak 2 , and Juliusz Pernak 2
  • 1 Institute of Plant Protection — National Research Institute, 60-318, Poznan, Poland
  • 2 Department of Chemical Technology, Poznan University of Technology, 60-965, Poznan, Poland

Abstract

Plant growth regulator — 2-chloroethyltrimethylammonium chloride (CCC) was converted into ionic liquid in the metathesis reaction. New forms of CCC as ILs were stable in air as well in contact with water and organic solvents. The biological action of the cation (CCC) in ILs was preserved. Type of anion determined hydrophobicity and hydrophilicity of the whole molecule and it also influenced the biological activity of the plant growth regulator. All of the investigated salts retarded growth of winter wheat stems and most of them increased yield at the same time, when compared to control and standard 2-chloroethyltrimethylammonium chloride.

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