New carbon from low cost vegetal precursors: acorn and cypress cone

Giovanni Toscano 1  and Giuseppe Cimino 1
  • 1 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Health Products, University of Messina, 98168, Messina, Italy

Abstract

Thermal-treated carbons from acorn and cypress cone were prepared and characterized. The uptakes of heavy metal ions (Ag+, Cd2+ and Cr+3) and organics (phenol, methylene blue and sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate) from aqueous solution have been studied. Effects of activation by HCl and HNO3 acids on the sorption properties of these carbons were investigated by mass titration, sorption isotherms, IRS, SEM and XRS. The models of Langmuir and Freundlich do not represent our sorption data very well. An earlier proposed empirical correlation is applied successfully to carry out a parameter of comparison between the studied carbons. The acidic treatment changes the surface chemical properties of the two thermal-treated carbons lowering their sorption performances. The carbons show good capacities to uptake metals, phenol and methylene blue, but sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate is removed from its solutions to minor extent. The up-taking properties are found similar to those of two worldwide used commercial grade carbons.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] H. Marsh, Activated Carbon Compendium (Elsevier, London, 2001)

  • [2] World Activated Carbon-Industry study with forecast 2012 & 2017 (Freedonia Group Inc., Cleveland, OH-USA, 2010)

  • [3] V.K. Gupta, P.J.M. Carrott, M.M.L. Ribeiro Carrott, Suhas, Crit. Rev. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39(10), 783 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10643380801977610

  • [4] H. Treviño-Cordero, L.G. Juárez-Aguilara, D.I. Mendoza-Castilloa, V. Hernández-Montoyaa, A. Bonilla-Petriciolet, M.A. Montes-Moránb, Ind. Crop. Prod. 42, 315 (2013) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.05.029

  • [5] J. Kong, Q. Yue, L. Huang, Y. Gao, Y. Sun, B. Gao, Q. Li, Y. Wang, Chem. Eng. J. 221, 62 (2013) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.02.021

  • [6] M.T. Izquierdo, A. Martinez de Yuso, B. Rubio, M.R. Pino, Biomass Bioener. 35, 1235 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.12.016

  • [7] A.R. Mohamed, M. Mohammadi, G.N. Darzi, Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 14, 1591 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.01.024

  • [8] C.Y. Yin, M.K. Aroua, W. Mohd Ashri Wan Daud, Sep. Purif. Technol. 52, 403 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2006.06.009

  • [9] A. Bhatnagar, W. Hogland, M. Marques, M. Sillanpää, Chem. Eng. J. 219, 499 (2013) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.12.038

  • [10] J.S. Mattson, H.B. Mark, M.D. Malbin, W.J. Weber, J.C. Crittenden, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 31, 116 (1969) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9797(69)90089-7

  • [11] R.D. Vidic, C.H. Tessmer, L.J. Uranowski, Carbon 35, 1349 (1997) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6223(97)00071-7

  • [12] A.P. Terzyk, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 275, 9 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2004.02.011

  • [13] Chi K. Ahna, D. Parka, S.H. Woob, J.M. Parka, J. Hazard. Mat. 164, 1130 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.09.036

  • [14] C. Zhang, K.T. Valsaraj, W.D.C. Anddipak Roy, Wat. Res. 33(1), 115 (1999) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(98)00170-5

  • [15] Suhas, P.J.M. Carrott, M.M.L. Ribeiro Carrott, Bioresource Technol. 98, 2301 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2006.08.008

  • [16] S. Wang, G.Q. Lu, Carbon 36, 283 (1998) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6223(97)00187-5

  • [17] G. Cimino, A. Passerini, G. Toscano, Wat. Res, 34(11), 2955 (2000) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00048-8

  • [18] S. Wang, Z.H. Zhu, Dyes Pigm. 75, 306 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2006.06.005

  • [19] V. Gómez-Serrano, F. Piriz-Almeida, C.J. Durán-Valle, J. Pastor-Villegas, Carbon 37, 1517 (1999) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6223(99)00025-1

  • [20] F.S. Zhang, J.O. Nriagu, H. Itoh, Water Res. 30, 389 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2004.09.027

  • [21] G. Cimino, R.M. Cappello, C. Caristi, G. Toscano, Chemosphere 61, 947 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.03.042

  • [22] I. Rivera-Utrilla, M. Sànchez-polo, Water Res. 37, 3335 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(03)00177-5

  • [23] A. Alfarra, E. Frackowiak, F. Béguin, Appl. Surf. Sci. 228, 84 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2003.12.033

  • [24] J. Jaramillo, V. Gòmez-Serrano, P.M. Alvarez, J. Haz. Mat. 16, 670 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.04.009

  • [25] S. Wang, Z.H. Zhu, Dyes and Pigm. 75, 306 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2006.06.005

  • [26] J.P. Chen, M. Lin, Carbon 39, 1491 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6223(00)00277-3

  • [27] N. Fiol, I. Villaescusa, Environ. Chem. Lett. 7, 79 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10311-008-0139-0

  • [28] I. I. Salame, T.J. Bandosz, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 264, 307 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9797(03)00420-X

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Open Chemistry is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes original research, reviews and short communications in the fields of chemistry in an ongoing way. Our central goal is to provide a hub for researchers working across all subjects to present their discoveries, and to be a forum for the discussion of the important issues in the field.

Search