Physico-chemical properties investigation of softwood surface after treatment with organic anhydride

Ruxanda Bodîrlău 1 , Carmen-Alice Teacă 1 , Dan Roşu 2 , Liliana Roşu 2 , Cristian-Dragoş Varganici 2 , and Adina Coroabǎ 2
  • 1 Department of Natural Polymers, “Petru Poni” Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Iasi, 700487, Romania
  • 2 Center of Advanced Research in Bionanoconjugates and Biopolymers, “Petru Poni” Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Iasi, 700487, Romania

Abstract

Wood originating from a softwood species was subjected to chemical treatment by reaction with succinic anhydride in N, N-dimethylformamide at different concentration values. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis were used to study changes that occurred on a softwood surface. The extent of chemical treatment on softwood was evaluated by determining the weight percent gain values. Thermal properties of modified softwood and the water absorption were also evaluated. The chemical treatment with succinic anhydride influenced the thermal stability of the softwood samples with increasing anhydride concentration levels.

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