Determination of phenolic acids by capillary zone electrophoresis and HPLC

František Kvasnička 1 , Jana Čopíková 1 , Rudolf Ševčík 1 , Jana Krátká 1 , Andrej Syntytsia 1 , and Michal Voldřich 1
  • 1 Institute of Chemical Technology, Technická 3, Prague 6, Czech Republic

Abstract

Selected phenolic acids are determined by capillary zone electrophoresis and HPLC, each using UV detection. The optimised CZE background electrolyte contained 50 mM acetic acid, 95 mM 6-aminocaproic acid, 0.1% polyacrylamide, 1% polyvinylpyrrolidone, and 10% methanol. Twelve phenolic acids (gallic, p-hydroxybenzoic, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic, vanillic, syringic, o-coumaric, p-coumaric, caffeic, sinapic, ferulic, salicylic and chlorogenic) were separated within 10 minutes. Chromatographic separation of these phenolic acids was carried out on an Eclipse XBD C8 column using a mobile phase gradient (acetonitrile / methanol / water / 0.1% phosphoric acid); all were separated within 25 minutes. Electrophoretic and chromatographic determinations of ferulic and chlorogenic acids were compared on barley, malt, and potato samples. The methods’ characteristics were: linearity (1–20 mg ml and 0.2–4 mg ml−1), accuracy (recovery 94 ± 5% and 96 ± 4%), intra-assay repeatability (4.1% and 3.5%), and detection limit (0.2 and 0.02 mg ml−1).

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