Mycotoxins and Phycotoxins

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Mycotoxins and Phycotoxins

by Hamide Senyuva

On the 44th year of its establishment, TUBITAK hosted the XIIth International IUPAC Mycotoxin and Phycotoxin Symposium in the Askeri Museum in Istanbul, Turkey, from 21–25 May 2007. This symposium was the biggest ever in terms of participation, number of papers presented, and size of the scientific exhibition.

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Opening Ceremony (from left): Omer Cebeci (vice president of TUBITAK), Hamide Senyuva (symposium chair), Elke Anklam (IUPAC Division of Chemistry and the Environment), and John Gilbert (chair of the Scientific Committee).

The opening ceremony of the symposium included speeches by the vice president of TÜBITAK, Ömer Cebeci, IUPAC representative Elke Anklam, and the chair of the organizing committee, Hamide Z. Senyuva. During the symposium, there were 12 main sessions with presentations from 27 invited and 2 keynote speakers who are well-known worldwide and have renowned expertise in their fields. There were 105 oral presentations and 300 poster presentations chosen by the symposium scientific committee, an exhibition of analytical instruments and food manufacturing companies’ products. Moreover, workshops, satellite meetings, and many parallel meetings of international and European companies were held on the same campus.

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The Askeri Museum in Istanbul was the symposium venue.

Approximately 580 participants from 65 countries attended the symposium. These researchers and representatives of universities, research institutes, governmental establishments, and industry all had concerns with mycotoxins and phycotoxins, from the perspective of human and animal health, toxicology, food chemistry, food engineering, and risk analysis.

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John Gilbert (center) and Hans van Egmond (right) thank the Symposium Chair Hamide Senyuva during the Closing Ceremony.

The symposium achieved its aim. Food and feed are essential to the progress of human and animal life. Healthy living requires foods free of microorganisms like molds, bacteria, and viruses, as well as the secondary metabolites they produce. Molds and their secondary metabolites such as mycotoxins, as well as seafood-derived phycotoxins, were discussed in terms of their identification, toxicology, and prevention. The symposium focused in particular on disseminating the latest knowledge and research about foods regularly consumed by people, such as coffee, hazelnut, pistachios, and chilli pepper, which are prone to the production of mycotoxins.

All invited papers will be published in a dedicated issue of Food Additives and Contaminants. The next symposium will be held in Chile in 2010.

IUPAC funding, awarded under its program to support chemists from scientifically emerging regions, was used to support the following lecturers:

  • Benjamin Suarez (Chile), “The Need for New Functional and Analytical Methods for Marine Biotoxins”
  • Gordon Shephard (South Africa), “The Impact of Mycotoxins on Human Health in Developing Countries”
  • Rebeca López-García (Mexico), “Design and Implementation of an Integrated Management System for Ochratoxin in the Coffee Production Chain”

The following IUPAC poster prizes were awarded at the symposium:

  • First Prize: “Influence of Agriculture Practices on Occurrence of Fusarium Mycotoxins in Cereals,” Marta Kostelanska, Technicka 3, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Second Prize: “Assessment of Prototypes of a New LFI Assay for DSP Toxins with Several Naturally Contaminated Bivalves from the Portuguese Coast,” Susana Margarida Rodrigues, Instituto Nacional de Investigaçã Agrária e das Pescas, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Third Prize: “Fumonisins Impair Macrophage Immune Functions and Gene Expression of Cytokines in Broilers,” Yeong-Hsiang Cheng, Institute of Biotech., Dept. Animal Sciences, National 1-Lan University, Lan, Taiwan

Hamide Senyuva <hamide.senyuva@tubitak.gov.tr> was the chair of the XIIth IUPAC Symposium on Mycotoxins and Phycotoxins. She is an analytical chemist who has worked for 11 years in food safety and is presently active in screening fungi for metabolite production using LC-TOF/MS. She is committed to analytical quality assurance and has been actively promoting proficiency testing and method validation in Turkey.

Page last modified 19 September 2007.

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