Marianne Hundt (born 1966, PhD University of Freiburg, 1996) is a professor in English Linguistics at the University of Zurich. Her research focus is on corpus-based studies of grammatical change in (Late) Modern and current World Englishes. She is co-editor of English World-Wide and has been actively involved in the compilation of various corpora (historical and contemporary).
Melanie Röthlisberger (born 1986, PhD KU Leuven, 2018) is a senior research and teaching assistant at the English Department, University of Zurich. Her main research focus is on morphosyntactic variation in World Englishes and dialects of English within the framework of Cognitive Sociolinguistics. She has been actively involved in the compilation of various corpora and has a keen interest in statistical methods and visualization techniques.
Elena Seoane (born 1967, PhD University of Santiago de Compostela, 1996) is an Associate Professor in English Linguistics at the University of Vigo (Spain). Her research focus is on corpus-based morphosyntactic change in the history of English and current World Englishes. She is review editor of English Language and Linguistics and is involved in the compilation of various historical and contemporary corpora.
Academic writing in the second half of the twentieth century witnesses a notable decrease in be-passives in British and American English (AmE). This trend is more advanced in the soft than in the hard sciences; with the exception of AmE, moreover, regional variation is not highly significant. This paper aims to discover whether the use of passives is conditioned by the same factors across seven different varieties of English (both as a first and as an institutionalized second language). For this purpose, we automatically retrieve central be-passives and active transitives from syntactically annotated International Corpus of English corpora and code for factors that are likely to play a role in the choice between active and passive (such as the semantics of the participant roles or the length of the constituents). Our results show that, while the same factors predict the choice of a passive over an active verb phrase across first- and second-language varieties, subtle differences are found in the effect size that some factors (animacy, givenness and length of passive subject) have, notably in Hong Kong and Philippine English. Some (but not all) of these find an explanation in substrate influence.
Biewer, Carolin. 2009. Passive constructions in Fiji English: A corpus-based study. In Andreas H. Jucker, Daniel Schreier & Marianne Hundt (eds.), Corpora: Pragmatics and discourse, 361–377. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Biewer, Carolin. 2015. South Pacific Englishes. A sociolinguistic and morphosyntactic profile of Fiji English, Samoan English and Cook Islands English. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Bresnan, Joan & Marilyn Ford. 2010. Predicting syntax: Processing dative constructions in American and Australian varieties of English. Language 86(1). 168–213.
Davies, Mark & Robert Fuchs. 2015. Expanding horizons in the study of World Englishes with the 1.9 billion word Global Web-based English Corpus (GloWbE). English World-Wide 36(1). 1–28.10.1075/eww.36.1.01dav)| false
Geraghty, Paul, France Mugler & Jan Tent (eds.). 2006. Macquarie dictionary of English for the Fiji Islands. Sydney: The Macquarie Library.
Gunn, Edward. 2017. Westernization of Chinese grammar. In Rint Sybesma, Wolfgang Behr, Yuego Gu, Zev Handel & C.-T. James Huang (eds.), Encyclopedia of Chinese language and linguistics. Leiden: Brill. doi: (accessed 20 July 2017).
Gunn, Edward. 2017. Westernization of Chinese grammar. In Rint Sybesma, Wolfgang Behr, Yuego Gu, Zev Handel & C.-T. James Huang (eds.), Encyclopedia of Chinese language and linguistics. Leiden: Brill. doi:10.1163/2210-7363_ecll_COM_00000450 (accessed 20 July 2017).)| false
Hawkins, John A. 2004. Efficiency and complexity in grammars. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hinrichs, Lars & Benedikt Szmrecsanyi. 2007. Recent changes in the function and frequency of standard English genitive constructions: A multivariate analysis of tagged corpora. English Language and Linguistics 11. 437–474.
Hinrichs, Lars & Benedikt Szmrecsanyi. 2007. Recent changes in the function and frequency of standard English genitive constructions: A multivariate analysis of tagged corpora. English Language and Linguistics 11. 437–474.10.1017/S1360674307002341)| false
Hundt, Marianne. 2004. The passival and the progressive passive: A case study in layering in the English aspect and voice systems. In Hans Lindquist & Christian Mair (eds.), Corpus approaches to grammaticalization in English, 79–120. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Hundt, Marianne. 2007. English mediopassive constructions. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Hundt, Marianne. 2013. Using web-based data for the study of global English. In Manfred Krug & Julia Schlüter (eds.), Research methods in language variation and change, 158–177. Cambridge: University Press.
Hundt, Marianne. 2013. Using web-based data for the study of global English. In Manfred Krug & Julia Schlüter (eds.), Research methods in language variation and change, 158–177. Cambridge: University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511792519.011)| false
Hundt, Marianne & Christian Mair. 1999. Agile and uptight genres: The corpus-based approach to language change in progress. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 4(2). 221–242.10.1075/ijcl.4.2.02hun)| false
Kortmann, Bernd & Benedikt Szmrecsanyi. 2009. World Englishes between simplification and complexification. In Thomas Hoffmann & Lucia Siebers (eds.), World Englishes. Problems, properties and prospects, 263–286. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Leech, Geoffrey, Marianne Hundt, Christian Mair & Nicholas Smith. 2009. Change in contemporary English: A grammatical study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lynch, John. 1998. Pacific languages: An introduction. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.
Maratsos, Michael. 1988. Crosslinguistic analysis, universals, and language acquisition. In Frank E. Kessel (ed.), The development of language and language researchers. Essays in honor of Roger Brown, 121–152. Hilldale: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Matthews, Stephen & Virginia Yip. 1994. Cantonese: A comprehensive grammar. London and New York: Routledge.
McFarland, Curtis D. 2008. Linguistic diversity and English in the Philippines. In M. A. Lourdes, S. Bautista & Kingsley Bolton (eds.), Philippine English: Language and literary perspectives, 131–156. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
Menard, Scott. 2010. Logistic regression: From introductory to advanced concepts and applications. Thousand Oakes: SAGE Publications.
Pinheiro, José C. & Douglas M. Bates. 2000. Mixed-effects models in S and S-PLUS. New York: Springer.
R Core Team. 2016. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. https://www.R-project.org/
Ransom, Evelyn. 1979. Definiteness and animacy constraints on passive and double-object constructions in English. Glossa 13. 215–240.
Rosenbach, Anette. 2007. Animacy and grammatical variation: Findings from English genitive variation. Lingua 118. 151–171.
Sandahl, Stella. 2000. A Hindi reference grammar. Leuven: Peeters.
Schachter, Paul & Fe T. Otanes. 1972. Tagalog reference grammar. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Schneider, Edgar W. 2007. Postcolonial English: Varieties around the world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schneider, Gerold. 2008. Hybrid long-distance functional dependency parsing. Zurich: University of Zurich dissertation.
Schütz, Albert J. 2014. Fijian reference grammar. Honolulu: Pacific Voices Press.
Seoane, Elena. 2006. Changing styles: On the recent evolution of scientific British and American English. In Christiane Dalton-Puffer, Dieter Kastovsky, Nikolaus Ritt & Herbert Schendl (eds.), Syntax, style and grammatical norms: English from 1500–2000, 191–211. Bern: Peter Lang.
Seoane, Elena. 2009. Syntactic complexity, discourse status and animacy as determinants of grammatical variation in English. English Language and Linguistics 13(3). 365–384.
Seoane, Elena. 2009. Syntactic complexity, discourse status and animacy as determinants of grammatical variation in English. English Language and Linguistics 13(3). 365–384.10.1017/S1360674309990153)| false
Seoane, Elena. 2012. Givenness and word order: A study of long passives in Modern and Present-Day English. In Anneli Meurman-Solin, María José López-Couso & Bettelou Los (eds.), Information structure and syntactic change in the history of English, 139–163. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Seoane, Elena. 2012. Givenness and word order: A study of long passives in Modern and Present-Day English. In Anneli Meurman-Solin, María José López-Couso & Bettelou Los (eds.), Information structure and syntactic change in the history of English, 139–163. Oxford: Oxford University Press.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860210.003.0007)| false
Seoane, Elena & Marianne Hundt. 2018. Voice alternation and authorial presence: Variation across disciplinary areas in academic English. To appear in Journal of English Linguistics. 46(1). 3–2210.1177/0075424217740938)| false
Seoane, Elena & Lucía Loureiro-Porto. 2005. On the colloquialization of scientific British and American English. ESP Across Cultures 2. 106–118.
Shibatani, Masayoshi. 1988. Voice in Philippine languages. In Masayoshi Shibatani (ed.), Passive and voice, 85–142. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Silverstein, Michael. 1976. Hierarchy of features and ergativity. In Robert M. W. Dixon (ed.), Grammatical categories in Australian languages, 112–171. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
Strobl, Carolin, Torsten Hothorn & Achim Zeileis. 2009. Party on! A new, conditional variable-important measure for random forests available in the party package. The R Journal 1(2). 14–17.
Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt, Jason Grafmiller, Benedikt Heller & Melanie Röthlisberger. 2016. Around the world in three alternations: Modelling syntactic variation in varieties of English. English World-Wide 37(2). 109–137.
Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt, Jason Grafmiller, Benedikt Heller & Melanie Röthlisberger. 2016. Around the world in three alternations: Modelling syntactic variation in varieties of English. English World-Wide 37(2). 109–137.10.1075/eww.37.2.01szm)| false
Tagliamonte, Sali & Harald Baayen. 2012. Models, forests, and trees of York English: Was/were variation as a case study for statistical practice. Language Variation and Change 24. 135–178.10.1017/S0954394512000129)| false
Thomason, Sarah G. 2013. Innovation and contact: The role of adults (and children). In Daniel Schreier & Marianne Hundt (eds.), English as a contact language, 283–297. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wasow, Thomas & Jennifer Arnold. 2003. Post-verbal constituent ordering in English. In Gunter Rohdenburg & Britta Mondorf (eds.), Determinants of grammatical variation in English, 119–154. Berlin: de Gruyter.
Xiao, Richard, Tony McEnery & Yufang Qian. 2006. Passive constructions in English and Chinese. A corpus-based contrastive study. Languages in Contrast 6(1). 109–149.
Zaenen, Annie, Joan Bresnan, M. Catherine O’Connor, Jean Carletta, Andrew Koontz-Garboden, Tom Wasow, Gregory Garretson & Tatiana Nikitina. 2004. Animacy encoding in English: Why and how. Proceedings of the ACL-04 [Association for Computational Linguistics] Workshop on Discourse Annotation. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.154.7 (accessed 23 November 2017).
Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory publishes high-quality, corpus-based research focusing on theoretically-relevant issues in all core areas of linguistic research (phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics) and other recognized topic areas. The journal features articles from a corpus-based approach that develop new methods, evaluate theoretical claims and offer analyses of linguistic phenomena within a theoretical framework.