Form und Funktion

Eine kritische Betrachtung zeitgenössischer Designästhetik

Julia-Constance Dissel 1 , 2
  • 1 Hochschule für Gestaltung Offenbach, Schlossstraße 31, 63065 Offenbach am Main, Cologne, Germany
  • 2 Hochschule Darmstadt, Institut für Designforschung, Eugen-Bracht-Weg 6, 64287, Darmstadt, Germany
Julia-Constance Dissel
  • Corresponding author
  • Hochschule für Gestaltung Offenbach, Schlossstraße 31, 63065 Offenbach am Main, Cologne, Germany
  • Hochschule Darmstadt, Institut für Designforschung, Eugen-Bracht-Weg 6, 64287, Darmstadt, Germany
  • Email
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar

Abstract

This essay deals with the terms “form” and “function” as well as their relationship insofar as they are still used in philosophical and design-theory discourse to determine the aesthetic dimension of designed artefacts, especially of everyday objects, and often also to distinguish them from objects of art. I discuss whether our common understanding of these terms and their relationship is an appropriate instrument for such determinations. What is up for discussion here are not only conceptions of functional beauty with regard to design methodology and the philosophical discourse on aesthetics, in which form and function become thematic, but also basic concepts of philosophical aesthetics itself. It is shown that the philosophical understanding of design aesthetics and the concepts of form and function are determined by profound preliminary decisions that restrict our access to the aesthetic dimension of designed artefacts, and a conceptualisation of an initial change in thinking is proposed.

  • Aristoteles (1977), Metaphysik, in: ders., Hauptwerke, hg. v. Nestle, W., Stuttgart, 115–149, [metaph.].

  • Beardsley, M. (1966), Aesthetics from classical Greece to the present, New York.

  • Berleant, A. (1994), Beyond Disinterestedness, in: British Journal of Aesthetics 34.3, 242–254.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Böhme, G. (2008), Die Atmosphäre, in: Andritzky, M. (Hg.), Von der guten Form zum guten Leben: 100 Jahre Werkbund, Frankfurt am Main, 107–117.

  • De Clercq, R. (2005), The Aesthetic Peculiarity of Multifunctional Artefacts, in: British Journal of Aesthetics 45.4, 412–425.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Dewey, J. (1988), Kunst als Erfahrung [1934], Frankfurt am Main.

  • Dissel, J.-C. (2019a) (i. E.), Philosophische Ästhetik & Design, in: Feige, D., Arnold, F., u. Rautzenberg, M. (Hg.), Philosophie des Designs, Schriftenreihe des Weißenhof-Instituts zur Architektur- und Designtheorie, 307–326.

  • Dissel, J.-C. (2019b), Mit allen Sinnen – Perspectives of Aesthetics, in: Form 284, 97–101.

  • Dorschel, A. (2003), Gestaltung – Zur Ästhetik des Brauchbaren, Heidelberg.

  • Feige, M. (2018), Design. Eine philosophische Analyse, Berlin.

  • Fingerhut, J., Hufendiek, R., u. Wild, M. (2017), Philosophie der Verkörperung, Berlin.

  • Forsey, J. (2013), Aesthetics of Design, Oxford u. New York.

  • Haapala, Arto (2005), On the Aesthetics of the Everyday: Familiarity, Strangeness, and the Meaning of Place, in: Light, A., u. Smith, J. (Hg.), The Aesthetics of Everyday Life, New York, 39–55.

  • Houkes, W., u. Vermaas, P. (2010), Technical Functions: On the Use and Design of Artifacts, Dordrecht.

  • Kant, I. (1974), Kritik der Urteilskraft [1790] (= Werkausgabe 10), hg. v. Weischedel, W., Frankfurt am Main.

  • Leddy, T. (2005), The Nature of Everyday Aesthetics, in: Light, A., u. Smith, J. (Hg.), The Aesthetics of Everyday Life, New York.

  • Liessmann, K. P. (2009), Schönheit, Wien.

  • Longy, F. (2009), How biological, cultural and intended functions combine, in: Krohs U., u. Kroes P. (Hg.), Functions in Biological and Artificial Worlds, Cambridge, 51–67.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Millikan, R. (1984), Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories, Cambridge.

  • Parsons, G. (2016), The Philosophy of Design, Cambridge u. Malden, Mass.

  • Parsons, G., u. Carlson, A. (2008), Functional Beauty, Oxford.

  • Preston, B. (2013), A Philosophy of Material Culture: Action, Function, and Mind, New York.

  • Preston, B. (2009), Philosophical Theories of Artefact Function, in: Meijers, A., Gabbay, D., u. Woods, J., Philosophy of Technology and Engeneering Science, Oxford, 213–233.

  • Preston, B. (2003), Of Marigold Beer: A Reply to Vermaas and Houkes, in: British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54, 601–612.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Preston, B. (1998), Why is a Wing like a Spoon? A Pluralist Theory of Function, in: Journal of Philosophy 115, 215–254.

  • Pye, D. (1978), The Nature and Aesthetics of Design, Bethel, Conn.

  • Saito, Y. (2001), Everyday Aesthetics, in: Philosophy and Literature 25.1, 87–95.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Scheele, M. (2005), The Proper Use of Artifacts. A philosophical Theory of the Constitution of Artefact Functions (Simon Stevin Series in the Philosophy of Technology).

  • Scheele, M. (2006), Function and use of technical artifacts: social conditions of function ascription, in: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 37, 23–36.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Scruton, R. (1979), The Aesthetics of Architecture, Princeton, N. J.

  • Shusterman, R. (2005), Leibliche Erfahrung in Kunst und Lebensstil (= Philosophische Anthropologie 3), Berlin.

  • Sparke, P. (2004), An Introduction in Design and Culture: 1900 to the Present, London.

  • Stolnitz, J. (1960), Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art Criticism: A Critical Introduction, Boston, Mass.

  • Tatarkiewicz, W. (2003), Geschichte der sechs Begriffe. Kunst, Schönheit, Form, Kreativität, Mimesis, Ästhetisches Erlebnis, Frankfurt am Main.

  • Tatarkiewicz, W. (1972), The Great Theory of Beauty and its Decline, in: The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 31.2, 165–180.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Walton, K. (1979), Categories of Art, in: Philosophical Review 79, 334–367.

  • Wicks, R. (1997), Dependent Beauty as the appreciation of teleological style, in: Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 55.4, 387–400.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Wicks, R. (1999), Can tattooed Faces be Beautiful? Limits on the restriction of forms in dependent beauty, in: Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 57.3, 361–363.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Xenophon (1956), Memorabilien, in: Die Sokratischen Schriften, hg. v. Bux, E., Stuttgart, 47–188 [mem.].

Purchase article
Get instant unlimited access to the article.
$42.00
Log in
Already have access? Please log in.


or
Log in with your institution

Journal + Issues

Search