The role of the solvent in PMMA gel polymer electrolytes

J. Vondrák 1 , M. Musil 1 , M. Sedlaříková 1 , R. Kořínek 2 , K. Bartušek 1 , 2 ,  and A. Fedorková 1
  • 1 Department of Electrical and Electronic Technology, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Communication, Brno University of Technology, Brno, 616 00, Czech Republic
  • 2 Institute of Scientific Instruments of the ASCR, Brno, 612 64, Czech Republic


Ionic mobility and solvent vapor pressure were studied on gels containing sodium perchlorate, polymethylmethacrylate and sulfolane as a solvent. The excess of solvent increases markedly the mobility of ions and is indicated by solvent evaporation at elevated temperature. The solvent is bonded similarly as in the liquid solution of sodium salt. The heat of solvent evaporation from gels is near to that of pure solvents.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Vondrak J., Sedlarikova M., Reiter J., et al., Electrochimica Acta, 1999, 44, 3073–3080

  • [2] Meyer W.H., Advanced Materials, 1998, 10, 439

  • [3] XII International Symposium on Polymer Electrolytes ISPE-12, Padova, Italy., 2010, and references therein

  • [4] Gray F.M., Solid Polymer Electrolytes: Fundamentals and Technological Applications, VCH Publishers Inc., New York, 1991

  • [5] Erikson E., Veliyulin E., Singstad T.E., Aursand M: Journal of Food Sciences, 2004, 69, 107–114

  • [6] Every H.A., Zhou Y., Forsyth M., MacFarlane D.R., Electrochimica Acta, 1998, 43, 1465–1469

  • [7] Lopes L.V.S., Dragunski D.C., Pawlicka A., Donoso J.P., Electrochimica Acta, 2003, 48, 2021–2027

  • [8] Abragam A., The Principles of NuclearMagnetism, Oxford University Press, London, 1961

  • [9] Blumich B., NMR Imaging of Materials, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 2000

  • [10] Forsyth M., Smith M.E.,Meakin P.,MacFarlane D.R.L., 23Na NMR, 2000

  • [11] Thomas L.H., Noggle J., 23Na NuclearMagnetic Resonance relaxation studies of sodium ion interaction with soluble RNA, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 1969, 62, 644–649

  • [12] Sen S., George A.M., Stebbins J.F., Ionic conduction and mixed cation effect in silicate glasses and liquids: 23Na and 7Li NMR spin-lattice relaxation and a multiple-barrier model of percolation, Journal Noncrystalline Solids 1996, 197, 53

  • [13] Korinek R., Vondrak J., Bartusek K., Macalik M., Advanced Batteries, Accumulators and Fuel Cells, ABAF 11, Book Series: ECS Transactions, 2011, 32 (1), 11–16

  • [14] Nasirzadeh K., Neueder R., Kunz W., Journal of Chemical Engineering Data, 2005, 50, 26–28

  • [15] Steele W.V., Chirico R.D., Knipmeyer S.E., Nguyen A., Journal of Chemical Engineering Data, 1997, 42 (6), 1021–1036

  • [16] Fulem M., Ruzicka K., Ruzicka, M., Fluid Phase Equilibria, 2011, 303, 205–216

  • [17] Reiter J., Vondrak J., Michalek J., Micka Z., Electrochimica Acta, 2006, 52 1398–1408

  • [18] Yusong Zhu, Faxing Wang, Lili Liu, Shiying Xiao, Zheng Chang, Yuping Wu, Energy Environmental Sciences, 2013, 618–624


Journal + Issues

The journal covers all aspects of electrochemical energy storage and conversion in primary and secondary batteries, fuel cells, flow batteries, supercapacitors and other devices employing electrochemical phenomena and processes. The subjects will range from fundamental studies of electrode processes, their energetics and kinetics, to complete systems and devices employed in portable, mobile and stationary applications.