Optimization of people evacuation plans on the basis of wireless sensor networks

Yedilkhan Amirgaliyev 1 , Rassul Yunussov 1 , and Orken Mamyrbayev 1
  • 1 Institute of Information and Computing Technologies, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Abstract

This paper introduces the optimization process for people salvation in critical situations by organizing their evacuation plan from enclosed areas using modern approaches of data acquisition on the basis of wireless sensor networks. The proposed technology allows the ability to gather information about people density on the surveyed area by the usage of wireless sensor networks, consistently covering the enclosed territory. It enables the update of the evacuation plan on the basis of people density information inside the enclosed areas online. It is proposed to use common video surveillance cameras as sensors. The advantage of visual surveillance using cameras is that it does not require additional technological equipment for the area and much more important does not impose rules and restriction on the surveillance objects (people in this case). Next tasks are to be solved: creation of mathematical model of optimal enclosed area surveillance by wireless sensors, database and data interrogation modelling of wireless sensor network, creation of algorithmic model for automated people counting using video signal for the covering area; creation of dynamic people evacuation model on the basis of maximum flow problem [1, 2].

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