Interfacial Phenomena in Fe/Stainless Steel–TiC Systems and the Effect of Mo

Miia Kiviö 1 , Lauri Holappa 1 , Takeshi Yoshikawa 2 ,  and Toshihiro Tanaka 3
  • 1 Research Group of Metallurgy, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Technology, Aalto University, Aalto 00076, Finland
  • 2 Department of Materials and Environmental Science, Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan
  • 3 Division of Materials and Manufacturing Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871, Japan


Titanium carbide is used as reinforcement particles in composites due to its hardness, wear resistance and stability. This work is a part of the study in which titanium carbides are formed in stainless steel castings in the mold to improve the wear resistance of a certain surface of the casting. Such local reinforcement is a very potential method but it is a quite demanding task requiring profound knowledge of interfacial phenomena in the system, wettability, stability, dissolution and precipitation of new phases in production of these materials. Good wetting between different constituents in the material is a key factor to attain maximal positive effects. Mo is used with TiC or Ti(C,N) reinforcement in composites to improve wettability. In this work the effect of Mo on the phenomena in Fe/stainless steel–TiC systems was examined by wetting experiments between the substrate and the alloy. Wetting was not significantly improved by adding Mo to the systems. Core-rim type carbides as well as more homogenous carbide particles were observed. Overall the carbide particles are very complex regarding to their chemistry, size and shape which aspects have to be taken into account in the development of these materials and manufacturing processes.

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High Temperature Materials and Processes offers an international publication forum for new ideas, insights and results related to high-temperature materials and processes in science and technology. The journal publishes original research papers and short communications addressing topics at the forefront of high-temperature materials research including processing of various materials at high temperatures.