Smartglasses for the Triage of Casualties and the Identification of Hazardous Materials

How Smartglasses Can Help Emergency Medical Services Managing Challenging Rescue Missions

Henrik Berndt 1 , Tilo Mentler 1 ,  and Michael Herczeg 1
  • 1 Institute for Multimedia and Interactive Systems, University of Luebeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23562 Lübeck, Germany
Henrik Berndt
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  • Henrik Berndt is a research assistant at the Institute for Multimedia and Interactive Systems (IMIS) of the University of Luebeck. He holds a B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Informatics, specializing in Digital Media, and is currently working on his dissertation. His main current research interests include human-computer interaction in safety-critical contexts and interaction design for mobile devices.
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, Tilo Mentler
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  • Tilo Mentler is a research assistant at the Institute for Multimedia and Interactive Systems (IMIS) of the University of Luebeck. He holds a diploma in Informatics, specializing in Digital Media. Recently, he finished his dissertation about the usability of mobile interactive systems in regular and extraordinary missions of Emergency Medical Services. His main current research interests include human-computer interaction in safety-critical contexts (e. g. medicine), usability engineering and interaction design of mobile devices. He is a founding member and vice-chairman of the sub-group “Human-Computer Interaction in Safety-Critical Systems” within the special interest group “Human-Computer Interaction” of the German Informatics Society (GI).
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and Michael Herczeg
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  • Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Michael Herczeg is professor of practical computer science and media informatics and director of the Institute for Multimedia and Interactive Systems (IMIS) of the University of Luebeck. His main areas of interest are human-computer interaction, software ergonomics, interaction design, multimedia and interactive systems, computer-aided teaching and learning as well as safety-critical human-machine systems. He is a co-founder and chair of the German ACM SIGCHI and Human-Computer-Interaction section of the German Informatics Society (GI). Prof. Herczeg is a member of ACM and GI and served as an organizer, reviewer, chair and keynote speaker for more than 100 conferences and workshops. He is an author and editor of more than 200 publications and is an editor for books and journals in interactive media. He works as a consultant for industry and government in the area of human-computer-interaction, human factors, software-ergonomics, usability engineering, eLearning and safety-critical human-machine systems.
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Abstract

Emergency Medical Services (EMS) can be confronted with complex and challenging situations with many casualties that require special procedures and organizational structures. In order to keep control and records, incident commanders use paper-based notes, lists and forms. The increasing availability of smartglasses leads to the research question, whether they can support members of EMS and improve processes and efficiency. In this contribution, we describe use cases for smartglasses in emergency medicine, such as the triage in incidents with many casualties and the recognition of hazardous materials in accident contexts. We describe results from interviews with 10 members of EMS and civil protection units in Germany and from prototypical applications that have been developed and evaluated together with domain experts. The prototypical applications described in this contribution have shown promising results with respect to usability and acceptance.

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i-com - Journal of Interactive Media is devoted to human-computer interaction, media design, usability, engineering and systems evaluation, software ergonomics, cooperative systems, e-learning, mobile and ubiquitous systems, user-adaptive systems, agent development tools and methods for media in different application fields, barrier-free systems design, and the social aspects of information and communication technologies.

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