Hericium erinaceus: an edible mushroom with medicinal values

Md. Asaduzzaman Khan 1 , Mousumi Tania 2 , Rui Liu 3  and Mohammad Mijanur Rahman 4
  • 1 Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences, Central South University, 172, Tongzipo road, Chansha, Hunan 410013, China
  • 2 School of Life Sciences, Central South University, 172, Tongzipo road, Chansha, Hunan 410013, China
  • 3 School of Pharmaceutical Science, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410013, China
  • 4 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka 1342, Bangladesh
Md. Asaduzzaman Khan, Mousumi Tania, Rui Liu and Mohammad Mijanur Rahman

Abstract

Mushrooms are considered as nutritionally functional foods and source of physiologically beneficial medicines. Hericium erinaceus, also known as Lion’s Mane Mushroom or Hedgehog Mushroom, is an edible fungus, which has a long history of usage in traditional Chinese medicine. This mushroom is rich in some physiologically important components, especially β-glucan polysaccharides, which are responsible for anti-cancer, immuno-modulating, hypolipidemic, antioxidant and neuro-protective activities of this mushroom. H. erinaceus has also been reported to have anti-microbial, anti-hypertensive, anti-diabetic, wound healing properties among other therapeutic potentials. This review article has overviewed the recent advances in the research and study on H. erinaceus and discussed the potential health beneficial activities of this mushroom, with the recognition of bioactive compounds responsible for these medicinal properties.

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The Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine focuses on evidence concerning the efficacy and safety of complementary and alternative medical (CAM) whole systems, practices, interventions and natural health products, including herbal medicines.

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