Beneficial effect of ghee consumption over mustard oil on lipid profile: A study in North Indian adult population

Hanjabam Barun Sharma 1 , Soniya Vyas 2 , Jayant Kumar 2 ,  and Soumen Manna 3
  • 1 Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
  • 2 Department of Physiology, Dr S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur, India
  • 3 Department of Physiology, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
Hanjabam Barun Sharma, Soniya Vyas, Jayant Kumar and Soumen Manna

Abstract

Background

Ghee (G) is attributed with numerous health benefits in Ayurveda. However, due to the high saturated fat content, it has been predicted to increase the cardiovascular disease risk. Hence, the current study was performed to evaluate the effect of G consumption as compared to mustard oil (MO) on lipid profile.

Methods

Two hundred (100 males) apparently healthy adults (≥40 years) were randomly selected out of the total individuals interviewed in a house-to-house survey. They were divided into three groups based on G and MO consumption: (A) MO >1 L/month, G<0.5 kg/month; (B) MO 1–0.5 L/month, G 1.25–0.5 kg/month; and (C) MO <0.5–0.2 L/month, G>1.25 kg/month. Serum lipid parameters were compared among the groups.

Results

Group C had the significantly lowest triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), TC/HDL and LDL/HDL and highest high-density lipoprotein (HDL). A similar finding was found when analysis was done separetely for male and female.

Conclusions

A favorable lipid profile might suggest a possible beneficial effect of predominantly G consumption over MO.

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