Ultra high birefringent dispersion flattened fiber in terahertz regime

Md. Selim Reza 1 , Md. Ahasan Habib 2 , Ibrahim Mustafa Mehedi 3 , 4 , Md. Mottahir Alam 3 ,  and Shaikh Abdul Latif 5
  • 1 Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj, 8100, Bangladesh
  • 2 Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering and Technology, Kazla, Rajshahi, 6204, Bangladesh
  • 3 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
  • 4 Center of Excellence in Intelligent Engineering Systems (CEIES), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
  • 5 Nuclear Engineering Department, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
Md. Selim Reza
  • Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj, 8100, Bangladesh
  • Email
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar
, Md. Ahasan Habib
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering and Technology, Kazla, Rajshahi, 6204, Bangladesh
  • Email
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar
, Ibrahim Mustafa Mehedi
  • Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
  • Center of Excellence in Intelligent Engineering Systems (CEIES), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
  • Email
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar
, Md. Mottahir AlamORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2127-7183 and Shaikh Abdul Latif

Abstract

In the current study, a novel Zeonex based porous core photonic crystal fiber (PC-PCF) is presented for polarization-maintaining and dispersion flattened in the terahertz (THz) region. For minimizing the Effective Material Loss (EML), an array of three rectangular and six triangular air holes are surrounded by hexagonal-shaped cladding. Finite Element Method (FEM) is employed through Comsol V5.3a software to design and examine the essential features of the proposed porous core fiber which revealed that it has an extremely small EML of 0.04 cm−1 at 1.2 THz and has almost zero flattened dispersion of 0.8 ± 0.08 ps/THz/cm in 1.0–1.4 THz frequency spectrum. Moreover, the optimum designing parameters offer an extremely high value of birefringence (0.043 at 1.2 THz). Besides, other major features notably bending loss, effective area, and confinement loss are also found to be precise and relatively low. For effective, adaptable and fitting transmission characteristics, this type of design would lay the foundations for broadband THz radiation wide variety of usage in the THz regime.

  • 1.

    Habib, MA, Anower, MS, Hasan, MR. Ultrahigh birefringence and extremely low loss slotted core microstructure fiber in terahertz regime. Curr Opt Photon Dec. 2017;1:567–72. https://doi.org/10.1364/COPP.1.000567.

  • 2.

    Habib, MA, Anower, MS. Design and numerical analysis of highly birefringent single mode fiber in THz regime. Opt Fib Techn 2019;47:197–203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yofte.2018.11.006.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Yu, X, Sugeta, M, Yamagami, Y, Fujita, M, Nagatsuma, T Simultaneous low-loss and low-dispersion in a photonic crystal waveguide for terahertz communications. Appl Phy Exp 2019;12:012005. https://doi.org/10.7567/1882-0786/aaf4b3.

  • 4.

    Woodward, RM, Wallace, VP, Arnone, DD, Linfield, EH, Pepper, M. Terahertz pulsed imaging of skin cancer in the time and frequency domain. J Biol Phys 2003;29:257–9. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024409329416.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Sen, SH, Chen, KW, Chu, KR. A comparative study of single wire and hollow metallic waveguide for terahertz waves. AIP Adv Nov. 2018;8:115028. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5055213.

  • 6.

    Kang, JH, Kim, DS, Seo, M. Terahertz wave interaction with metallic nanostructure. Nanophotonics Mar. 2019;7:763–93. https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2017-0093.

  • 7.

    Jo, JS, Jeon, TI Characteristics of THz pulse propagation on teflon covered two wire lines. J Opt Soc Kor Dec. 2015;19:560–565. http://dx.doi.org/10.3807/JOSK.2015.19.6.560.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Goto, M, Quema, A, Takahashi, H, Ono, S, Sarukura, N. Teflon photonic crystal fiber as terahertz waveguide. Japan J Appl Phys 2004;43:317–9. https://doi.org/10.1143/JJAP.43.L317.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Habib, MA, Anower, MS, Hasan, MR. Highly birefringent and low effective material loss microstructure fiber for THz wave guidance. Opt Commun 2018;423:140–4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optcom.2018.04.022.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Habib, MA, Anower, MS Low loss highly birefringent porous core fiber for single mode terahertz wave guidance. Curr Opt Photon 2018;2:215–220. https://doi.org/10.3807/COPP.2018.2.3.215.

  • 11.

    Ahmed, K, Chowdhury, S, Paul, BK, Islam, MS, Sen, S, Islam, MI, et al. Ultrahigh birefringence and ultralow material loss porous core single mode fiber for terahertz wave guidance. Appl Opt 2017;56:3477–83. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.56.003477.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Rana, S, Hasanuzzaman, GKM, Habib, S, Kaijage, SF, Islam, R Proposal for a low loss porous core octagonal photonic crystal fiber for T-ray wave guiding. Opt Engg 2014;53:115107-1–4. https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.53.11.115107.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Vera, ER, Usuga, J, Jimenez, C, Cardona, JAM, Cardona, NDG Design of low-loss and highly birefringent porous-core photonic crystal fiber and its application to Terahertz polarization beam splitter. IEEE Photon J Aug. 2018;10:1–13. https://doi.org/10.1109/JPHOT.2018.2860251.

  • 14.

    Hasan, MI, Razzak, SMA, Hasanuzzaman, GKM, Habib, MS Ultra-low material loss and dispersion flattened fiber for THz transmission. IEEE Photon Technol Lett 1 Dec. 2014;26:2372–2375. https://doi.org/10.1109/LPT.2014.2356492.

  • 15.

    Islam, MS, Faisal, M, Razzak, SMA Dispersion flattened porous-core honeycomb lattice terahertz fiber for ultra-low loss transmission. IEEE J Quant Electron Dec. 2017;53:1–8. https://doi.org/10.1109/JQE.2017.2760361.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Islam, MS, Sultana, J, Dinovister, A, Ng, BWH, Abbott, D. A novel Zeonex based oligoporous-core photonic crystal fiber for polarization preserving terahertz applications. Opt Commun Apr. 2018;413:242–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optcom.2017.12.061.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Chen, H, Yan, G, Forsberg, E, he, S. Terahertz polarization splitter based on a dual-elliptical-core polymer fiber. Appl Opt Aug. 2016;55:6236–42. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.55.006236.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    Chen, H, Yan, G, Forsberg, E, He, S. Terahertz polarization splitters based on total and partial coupling in dual slotted core polymer fiber: Comparison and analysis. IEEE Photon J Jun. 2017;9. https://doi.org/10.1109/JPHOT.2017.2694886.

  • 19.

    Habib, MA. Ultra low loss and dispersion flattened microstructure fiber for terahertz applications. Brill Eng 2020;2:1–5. https://doi.org/10.36937/ben.2020.003.001.

  • 20.

    Reza, MS, Habib, MA. Extremely sensitive chemical sensor for terahertz regime based on a hollow core photonic crystal fiber. Ukrainian J Phys Opt 2020;21:8–14. https://doi.org/10.3116/16091833/21/1/8/2020.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 21.

    Habib, MA, Reza, MS, Abdulrazak, LF, Anower, MS. Extremely high birefringent and low loss microstructure optical waveguide: design and analysis. Opt Commun 2019;446. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optcom.2019.04.060.

Purchase article
Get instant unlimited access to the article.
$42.00
Log in
Already have access? Please log in.


or
Log in with your institution

Journal + Issues

This is the journal for all scientists working in optical communications. JOC was the first international publication covering all fields of optical communications with guided waves. It is the aim of the journal to serve all scientists engaged in optical communications as a comprehensive journal tailored to their needs and as a forum for their publications. The journal focuses on the main fields in optical communications.

Search