Multi-day bicycle tour route generation

Katherine Carl Payne 1  and Moshe Dror 2
  • 1 Brigham Young University – Information Systems, Provo, UT, USA
  • 2 University of Arizona – Management Information Systems, Tucson, AZ, USA
Katherine Carl Payne and Moshe Dror


In this paper, we describe a procedure for constructing bicycle routes of minimal perceived exertion over a multi-day tour for cyclists of different levels of expertise. Given a cyclist’s origin, destination, selected points of interest she/he wants to visit, and a level of cycling expertise, this procedure generates a multi-day bicycle tour as a collection of successive daily paths that begin and end at overnight accommodations. The objective is to minimize the total perceived exertion. We demonstrate the implementation of this procedure on an example multi-day tour route in California and present the results of a survey designed to evaluate the daily paths constructed. Repeated measures analysis indicated that 108 of the 120 perceived exertion ratings of the routes generated by our method fit the reported perceived exertion levels of 175 avid cyclists who participated in an evaluation survey.

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JQAS, an official journal of the American Statistical Association, publishes research on the quantitative aspects of professional and collegiate sports. Articles deal with subjects as measurements of player performance, tournament structure, and the frequency and occurrence of records. Additionally, the journal serves as an outlet for professionals in the sports world to raise issues and ask questions that relate to quantitative sports analysis.