Local case semantics in Kalasha

Jan Heegård 1
  • 1 Copenhagen Business School


The article presents a semantic analysis of five local suffixes in the Indo-Aryan language Kalasha (north-west Pakistan): the three locative suffixes -a, -una and -ai and the two ablative suffixes -ani and -aw. It is shown that these suffixes have both spatial and non-spatial functions. In their basic semantics, the five local suffixes differentiate between point-like location, location on a surface and location in a container. In their non-spatial functions they encode in a systematic way differences with respect to dispersion, visibility and referentiality. It is argued that the five local suffixes constitute a closed-set inflectional case paradigm. As a supplementing areal-typological perspective, non-spatial semantics of case markers in neighbouring Hindu Kush languages is included in the analysis.

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