Fluid construction grammar as a biological system

Luc Steels 1  and Eörs Szathmáry 2
  • 1 ICREA @ Institut de Biologia Evolutiva (UPF-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain
  • 2 Parmenides Foundation for the Study of Thinking, Muenchen, Germany
Luc Steels and Eörs Szathmáry


Mapping insights and frameworks from one scientific domain to another is often useful because it encourages communication between different scientific fields and acts as a conduit for the exchange of mathematical and computational tools. This paper introduces analogies between concepts and mechanisms from molecular biology and language processing. The main purpose is to find ways for understanding language as a ‘living’, dynamically evolving, self-organizing system. The analogies have been the main source of inspiration for a computational implementation of construction grammar, called Fluid Construction Grammar (FCG). The paper describes briefly the biological analogies underlying FCG and discusses the opportunities for further research that these analogies open up.

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