Recent observation for leopard Panthera pardus in Egypt

Alaaeldin Soultan 1 , 2 , 3 , Omar Attum 4 , Ayman Hamada 5 , El-Bialy Hatab 5 , Saied E. Ahmed 6 , Ali Eisa 7 , Ismail Al Sharif 7 , Abdullah Nagy 8  and Wael Shohdi 9
  • 1 Department for Migration and Immuno-ecology, Max Plank Institute for Ornithology, Am Obstberg 1, 78315 Radolfzell, Germany
  • 2 Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, 78464 Konstanz, Germany
  • 3 St. Katherine Protectorate, South Sinai, Nature Conservation Sector, EEAA, Egypt
  • 4 Department of Biology, Indiana University Southeast, New Albany, IN 47150, USA
  • 5 Nature Conservation Sector, Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency EEAA, 30 Misr Helwan St., Maadi, 11431, Cairo, Egypt
  • 6 Red Sea Protected Areas, Nature Conservation Sector, EEAA, 84517, Hurghada, Egypt
  • 7 Elba Protected Area, Nature Conservation Sector, EEAA, 84517, Hurghada, Egypt
  • 8 Faculty of Science, Zoology Department, Al Azhar University, 11682, Cairo, Egypt
  • 9 Nature Conservation Egypt, Mohandeseen, 12411, Giza, Egypt
Alaaeldin Soultan, Omar Attum, Ayman Hamada, El-Bialy Hatab, Saied E. Ahmed, Ali Eisa, Ismail Al Sharif, Abdullah Nagy and Wael Shohdi


An adult male leopard Panthera pardus was killed in Elba Protected Area in south-east Egypt. This record represents the first confirmed observation in Egypt during the past 65 years, and the first confirmed record in this region. We visited the surrounding areas where the leopard was killed and in areas where tracks were observed by local people to follow the animal’s movement and describe the habitat. The external measurements and the morphology are also described and a tissue sample was preserved for genetic analysis.

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Mammalia is a peer-reviewed journal devoted to the inventory, analysis and interpretation of Mammalian diversity. It publishes original results on all aspects of systematics (comparative, functional and evolutionary morphology; morphometrics; phylogeny; biogeography; taxonomy and nomenclature), biology, ecology and conservation of mammals.