Let G = (V, E) be a graph. A global secure set SD ⊆ V is a dominating set which satisfies the condition: for all X ⊆ SD, |N[X] ∩ SD| ≥ | N[X] − SD|. A global defensive alliance is a set of vertices A that is dominating and satisfies a weakened condition: for all x ∈ A, |N[x] ∩ A| ≥ |N[x] − A|. We give an upper bound on the cardinality of minimum global secure sets in cactus trees. We also present some results for trees, and we relate them to the known bounds on the minimum cardinality of global defensive alliances.
Open Mathematics is a fully peer-reviewed, open access, electronic journal that publishes significant and original works in all areas of mathematics. The journal publishes both research papers and comprehensive and timely survey articles. Open Math aims at presenting high-impact and relevant research on topics across the full span of mathematics.