The Manhattan Project, the first electronic computer and the Monte Carlo method

Dobriyan M. Benov 1
  • 1 Skombrius Str. 58, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria


The background of the Monte Carlo method is connected with two very important events in the modern human history: the World War Two and the building of first electronic computers. For that reason, we will try to synthesize the most important facts of those events that have relation to the development of the method in order to produce a clearer picture of the origination of the Monte Carlo method of stochastic sampling. The research covers the period from 1930 to 1959.

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This quarterly published journal presents original articles on the theory and applications of Monte Carlo and Quasi-Monte Carlo methods. Launched in 1995 the journal covers all stochastic numerics topics with emphasis on the theory of Monte Carlo methods and new applications in all branches of science and technology.