Meso-level Objects, Powers, and Simultaneous Causation

Tobias Hansson Wahlberg 1
  • 1 Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Tobias Hansson Wahlberg


I argue that Mumford and Anjum’s recent theory of simultaneous causation among powerful meso-level objects is problematic in several respects: it is based on a false dichotomy, it is incompatible with standard meso-level physics, it is explanatory deficient, and it threatens to render the powers metaphysics incoherent. Powers theorists are advised, therefore, to adopt a purely sequential conception of causation.

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