Towards a Naturalistic Philosophy

José Ignacio Galparsoro 1
  • 1 Department of Philosophy, University of the Basque Country, Avenida de Tolosa, 70. E-20018, SAN SEBASTIAN, Spain
José Ignacio Galparsoro
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Philosophy, University of the Basque Country, Avenida de Tolosa, 70. E-20018, SAN SEBASTIAN, Spain
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Abstract

This paper is an invitation to reflect on the advisability of analysing philosophy from a naturalistic perspective. That is, from a perspective that considers philosophy as if it was one more cultural object, which can be studied using the tools that we have available to us today and that are provided by disciplines such as evolutionary psychology or anthropology oriented by a distinctly cognitivist approach. A central concept in the analysis is that of “intuitive ontology” – closely linked to intuitive (or folk-) philosophy or the spontaneous, naïve (natural) way of thinking that is associated with common sense – which is a result of the evolutionary process and a source of metaphysical prejudices such as dualism. A metaphilosophical reflection, such as that proposed here, identifies the “natural” character of a transcendent metaphysics that is still too close to intuitive philosophy, and the interest of constituting a naturalistic philosophy that is fully conscious of its “unnatural” or “counterintuitive” character.

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