The Will to Synthesis: Nietzsche, Carnap and the Continental-Analytic Gap

Felipe G. A. Moreira 1
  • 1 University of Miami, Department of Philosophy, 1252 Memorial Drive, Coral Gables, Florida, 33124-4670, Florida, USA
Felipe G. A. Moreira
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  • University of Miami, Department of Philosophy, 1252 Memorial Drive, Coral Gables, Florida, 33124-4670, Florida, USA
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This essay presupposes that Friedrich Nietzsche and Rudolf Carnap champion contrasting reactions to the fact that, throughout history, persons have been engaged in metaphysical disputes. Nietzsche embraces a libertarian reaction that is in agreement with his anti-democratic aristocratic political views, whereas Carnap endorses an egalitarian reaction aligned with his democratic and socialist political views. After characterizing these reactions, the essay argues for two claims. The first claim is that the stated contrasting reactions are to be considered, not only by the few scholars who are interested both in Nietzsche’s and Carnap’s writings, but by a far larger group that includes those who have addressed the continental-analytic gap; those who are concerned with the development of contemporary philosophy; and/or those who are interested in the writings of Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, David Lewis and/or Peter van Inwagen. The second claim is that we have to entertain a synthesis of Nietzsche’s libertarian and Carnap’s egalitarian reaction in order to overcome the continental-analytic gap.

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