Paper has a crucial impact on the qualitative properties of printed product as properties of the paper’s surface directly impact the ink transfer, consequently, basic optical properties of the print. Although same ISO paper type, papers possess variable surface properties leading to different influence on the ink transfer. The aim of this research was to analyse influence of the surface properties of the paper, including surface free energy, smoothness and gloss of some standard papers used in lithography on the ink transfer while matching the colorimetric values defined by ISO 12647-2:2013. Determination of amount of the ink transfer, optical density, mottling and colour difference of prints were performed to evaluate paper-ink interactions. Results have shown that produced prints differ in the investigated properties. Furthermore, there are significant correlations between the surface free energy of the paper and paper smoothness and the ink transfer. In addition, amount of ink used to produce a standardized print varies for different paper types (even in the same ISO paper classification), meaning difference in ink costs. This research proved the high influence of paper’s certain parameters on the ink transfer by strong correlation coefficients. This enables better process control and optimization of the printing.
Anayath, R., Baral, A.K. (2016) Critical Analysis of Mottling and its Impact on Various Grades of Paper Substrates Printed under Conventional Sheet Fed Offset, Dry Toner & Liquid Toner Based Digital Print Engines. Acta Graph. 27(1):7–14.
Babakhanova, A., Vareoi, G., Nagornova, V., Babluyk, B., Kondratov, P. (2018) The Papers Printing Quality Complex Assessment Algorithm Development Taking into Account the Composition and Production Technological Features. J. Phys. 998:1–6.
Cabrera, J. (2003). Texture Analyzer, [Online] Available at: https://imagej.nih.gov/ij/plugins/texture.html [Accessed: February 13, 2019.].
Elcometer, n.d., User guide, [Online] Available at: https://www.elcometer.com/images/stories/PDFs/InstructionBooks/407l.pdf [Accessed: February 13, 2019.].
Gigac, J., Kasajova, M., Stankovska, M. (2014) The influence of paper surface energy on multicolor offset print mottling. Tappi J. 13(2):55–64.
Hladnik, A., Debeljak, M., Gregor Svetec, D. (2010) Assessment of paper surface topography and print mottling by texture analysis. In: ImageJ user and developer conference, Luxembourg. [Online] Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262420212_Assessment_of_paper_surface_topography_and_print_mottling_by_texture_analysis [Accessed: February 13, 2019.].
ISO 12647-2. (2013) Graphic technology – Process control for the production of half-tone colour separations, proof and production prints – Part 2: Offset lithographic processes.
Jung, E.J., Lee, S.K., Choi, S.A., Youn, J.T. (2018) On the Enhanced Wax Patterning Offset Printing for the manufacturing of Printed Electronics. Int. J. Appl. Eng. Res. 13(2):885–890.
Jurič, I., Novaković, D., Karlović, I., Tomić, I. (2013) Influence of Gloss and Surface Roughness of Coated Ink Jet Papers on Print Uniformity. Acta Graph. 23(3-4):85–92.
Jurič, I., Karlović, I., Novaković, D., Tomić, I. (2016) Comparative Study of Different Methods for the Assessment of Print Mottle. Color Res. Appl. 41(5):493–499.
Pruefbau, 2016. [Online] Available at: http://pruefbau.com/en/offsetdruck/ [Accessed: February 13, 2019.].
Robert, T., Eschig, S., Biemans, T. (2018) Bio-based polyester itaconates as binder resins for UV-curing offset printing inks. J. Coat. Technol. Res. 16(3):689–697.
Smith, S. Digital printing to continue to take market share from offset presses. Smithers Pira. [Online] Available at: https://www.smitherspira.com/news/2017/april/digital-print-takes-market-share-fromoffset [Accessed: 13.2.2019.]
Smithers Pira, n.d. [Online] Available at: https://www.smitherspira.com/services/materials-testing/paper-surface-property-tests/roughness-and-smoothn [Accessed: February 13, 2019.].
Stork, G., Wilke, N. (2014): Heat-Sensitive Recording Material For Offset Printing. Patent number: US20180001730A1.
Tåg, C.M., Silfsten, P., Peiponen, K.E., Gane, P.A.C., Ridgway, C.J. (2018) Impact of fountain solution addition level on tack and optical properties of the print of a mechanically distributed water-in-oil thin film emulsion. Nord. Pulp Pap. Res. J. 32(3):436–443.
Thakur, K.K., Crasta, F. (2016) Enhancing Ink Mileage. Int. J. Res. Eng. Appl. Sci. 6(6):173–185.
Thorman, S., Ström, G., Gane, P.A.C. (2018) Impact of non-uniform water absorption on water-interference print mottle in offset printing. Nord. Pulp Pap. Res. J. 33(1):150–163.
Tomašegović, T., Mahović Poljaček, S., Leskovac, M. (2016) UVA and UVC modification of photo polymeric surface and application for flexographic deposition of thin coatings. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 133(24):43526.
Van der Walle, G.A.M., Buisman, G.J.H., Weusthuis, R.A., Eggink, G. (1999) Development of environmentally friendly coatings and paints using medium-chain-length poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) as the polymer binder. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 25(1-3):123–128.
Van der Walle, G.A.M., Buisman, G.J.H., Weusthuis, R.A., Eggink, G. (1999) Development of environmentally friendly coatings and paints using medium-chain-length poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) as the polymer binder. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 25(1-3):123–128.1041665810.1016/S0141-8130(99)00025-2)| false
Varepo, L.G., Trapeznikova, O.V., Panichkin, A.V., Roev, B.A., Kulikov, G.B. (2018) Software for Quantitative Estimation of Coefficients of InkTransfer on the Printed Substrate in Offset Printing. J. Phys. 998(1):1–6.
Vukoje, M., Miljanić, S., Hrenović, J., Rožić, M. (2018) Thermochromic ink–paper interactions and their role in biodegradation of UV curable prints. Cellulose 25(10):6121–6138.
Vukoje, M., Miljanić, S., Hrenović, J., Rožić, M. (2018) Thermochromic ink–paper interactions and their role in biodegradation of UV curable prints. Cellulose 25(10):6121–6138.10.1007/s10570-018-1970-5)| false
This research is part of the project UIP-2017-05-4081, Development of the model for production efficiency increase and functionality of packaging, supported by Croatian Science Foundation (Hrvatska Zaklada za Znanost, UIP-2017-05-4081).