Compliance of Agricultural Practices Used in Family Farms With Those Recommended in Organic Farming

Raquel P. F. Guiné 1 , 2 , 3  and Cristina A. Costa 2 , 3
  • 1 Quinta da Alagoa, Estrada de Nelas, ranhados, 3500-606, Viseu, Portugal
  • 2 CI&DETS/ESAV, Instituto Politécnico de Viseu, 3500-606, Viseu, Portugal
  • 3 CERNAS, Instituto Politécnico de Viseu, 3500-606, Viseu, Portugal

Abstract

This research intended to evaluate to what extent the managers in family farms tend to adopt practices of organic farming and identify the possible factors that might be associated with those choices. For that, a survey was undertaken in Portuguese and Spanish municipalities. The participation, by direct interview, was voluntary and 125 valid responses were obtained distributed as: 30 in Viseu (PT), 30 in Braga (PT), 30 in Barcelos (PT), 16 in Pontevedra (SP) and 19 in Padron (SP). For the treatment of the data, basic descriptive statistics tools were used in combination with crosstabs and chi square tests. Also tree classifications were conducted following the Classification and Regression Trees algorithm. In all tests a level of significance of 5% was considered. The results identified factors that influenced the behaviour of the managers in family farms towards an approximation to organic farming practices, which were the level of education and municipality, found as major determinants of the level of compliance with organic farming practices. Also, other factors like age or gender influence, although to a lesser extent, the compliance with organic farming. These results were the same for the chisquare tests or the tree classification analysis, and they thus indicate that improvements could be achieved towards a more expressive adoption of organic farming practices if planned to target the influential factors identified.

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