The Role of Sunken-Floored Buildings in LBK Farmstead

Łukasz Połczyński 1  and Katarzyna Michalak 2
  • 1 University of Gdańsk, Bielańska 5, 80-851 Gdańsk, Poland
  • 2 independent researcher

Abstract

Research into the development of LBK villages rarely focuses on those features that can be interpreted as sunken-floored buildings. The aim of this article is to draw attention to the presence of this type of feature and to analyse its significance in the context of village development based on several examples of LBK sites excavated in Małopolska (Lesser Poland). We believe that in many instances analysing the locations of sunken-floored buildings and their diversity in terms of their potential functions can lead to the identification of domestic/kitchen zones that centered around these features. Their location in the vicinity of longhouses, traces of fire, and the presence of pottery sherds and grain remains may indicate that sunkenfloored buildings served as an important additional ancillary space for the residents of longhouses and constituted part of the farmstead.

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