Synthesis and investigation of optical and thermal properties of a homologous series of highly luminescent nanostructured organosilicon luminophores (NOLs) containing different donor to acceptor ratio (D:A) are reported. Each of the NOL consists of a 1,4-bis(5-phenylthienyl-2-yl)benzene (PTPTP) acceptor unit and four, six or twelve 2,2′-bithienyl donor fragments connected to each other through two or six silicon atoms. These complex molecules show a “molecular antenna” effect with high efficiency of intramolecular energy transfer about 97-98% combined with excellent photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield of 84-91% and fast PL decay time of 0.90-0.95 ns. A significant increase of the molar extinction coefficient from 94 000 to 257 000 M−1cm−1 with increasing the D:A ratio from 4:1 to 12:1 was observed. It was found that increasing the branching extent in the NOLs prohibits their crystallization. Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) showed that all the NOLs reported, regardless of their branching extent, are thermally stable up to 455 °C under nitrogen. These characteristics make them promising materials for various organic photonics applications.
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